C Bodénant

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Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is the main cause of neurologic handicap in pre-term infants. The understanding of cellular and molecular mechanisms leading to white matter damage is critical for development of innovative therapeutic strategies for PVL. The pathogenesis of PVL remains unclear but possibly involves glutamate excitotoxicity as an important(More)
Somatostatin and somatostatin receptors are transiently expressed in the immature rat cerebellar cortex but virtually undetectable in the cerebellum of adults. Although somatostatin binding sites have been visualized during the postnatal period in the external granule cell layer, the type of cell that expresses somatostatin receptors has never been(More)
The ontogeny of somatostatin receptors in the rat visual system was studied by auto-radiography, using [125I-Tyr0,DTrp8]S14 as a radioligand. The binding sites showed high affinity for somatostatin and somatostatin analogues, and were regulated by GTP as early as day 16 of fetal life (E16), indicating that they represent functional somatostatin receptors.(More)
The biochemical characterization and anatomical distribution of somatostatin binding sites were examined in the brain of the frog Rana ridibunda, and the distribution of the receptors was compared with the location of somatostatin immunoreactive neurons. The pharmacological profile of somatostatin receptors was determined in the frog brain by means of an(More)
Activity-dependent neurotrophic factor (ADNF) is a newly identified compound that prevents in vitro neuronal death when present in fentomolar concentrations. ADNF-14, a 14 amino acid peptide derived from ADNF, has the same effects on growth as the parent molecule. However, the transduction pathways and target cells for these highly potent trophic factors(More)
The present study describes the expression pattern of somatostatin receptor genes during the development of rat cerebellum. Characterization of somatostatin receptors was carried out by binding studies using receptor subtype-selective ligands in the germinative epithelium and granule cell layer of the cerebellum from postnatal day 4 (P4) to P21 and in(More)
Somatostatin and somatostatin receptors have not been identified in adult rat cerebellum. In contrast, during the development, somatostatin-containing neurons have been visualized in the deep layers of the cerebellum. The present study shows that during ontogenesis, somatostatin receptors are present in close association with the external granule cell layer(More)
The ontogeny of somatostatin receptors in the rat brain has been studied by both membrane binding assays and in vitro receptor autoradiographic techniques. High levels of somatostatin binding sites were detected in brain of 15-day-old fetuses (E15). The pharmacological characterization of somatostatin binding sites and the regulatory effect of GTP on(More)
Partial unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis remains poorly understood. This study evaluates the residual innervation of the diaphragm after selective resection of one or several roots of the right phrenic nerve in rabbits. Forty-seven animals were operated on according to five root resection modalities. Seven animals served as control. Eight weeks after(More)
Somatostatin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) have been originally isolated from the ovine hypothalamus on the basis of their hypophysiotropic activities. There is now evidence that somatostatin and PACAP may play a role in the development of the central nervous system, particularly in the cerebellum. High concentrations of(More)