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Pharmaceuticals previously identified in the effluent from the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Montreal discharging into the St. Lawrence river, were tested for acute and chronic toxicity using the cnidarian Hydra attenuata. Acute toxicity was based on the established technique looking at morphological changes in the Hydra, while recently developed(More)
Present knowledge concerning the ecotoxic effects of nano-materials is very limited and merits to be documented more fully. For this purpose, we appraised the toxicity of nine metallic nano-powders (copper zinc iron oxide, nickel zinc iron oxide, yttrium iron oxide, titanium dioxide, strontium ferrite, indium tin oxide, samarium oxide, erbium oxide, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the toxic effects of cadmium-telluride (CdTe) quantum dots on freshwater mussels. Elliption complanata mussels were exposed to increasing concentrations of CdTe (0, 1.6, 4 and 8 mg/L) and cadmium sulfate (CdSO(4), 0.5mg/L) for 24h at 15 degrees C. After the exposure period, they were removed for assessments of(More)
Municipal effluents are an important source of estrogens to the aquatic environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the estrogenicity of municipal effluents to the indigenous freshwater mussel, Elliptio complanata. First, estradiol-binding sites in gonad homogenates were characterized to determine the binding affinity and specificity of estrogens.(More)
Vitellogenins (Vg) are the major precursor of the egg-yolk proteins, vitellins (Vn), which provide energy reserves for embryonic development in oviparous organisms. In mature females, Vg are generally synthesised in response to endogenous estrogens, such as 17beta-estradiol (E2), released into the bloodstream and then stored in developing oocytes. In males,(More)
Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) are found in municipal effluents and represent the major sources of contamination for the aquatic environment. A preliminary chemical analysis of wastewater identified several compounds associated with PPCPs, including caffeine, ibuprofen, naproxen, oxytetracycline, novobiocin, carbamazepine, gemfibrozil,(More)
The biological availability of metals in municipal wastewater effluents is strongly influenced by the physical and chemical conditions of both the effluent and the receiving water. Aquatic organisms are exposed to both dissolved and particulate (food ingestion) forms of these metals. In the present study, the distribution of metals in specific tissues was(More)
Coprostanol (5 beta (H)-cholestan-3 beta ol) is a reduced metabolite of cholesterol produced by micro-organisms found in the intestinal tract of mammals. This substance abounds in urban effluents and is accumulated by organisms living in the vicinity of municipal effluent outfalls. In an earlier study, freshwater mussels exposed to contaminated river water(More)
Genetically modified corn crops and suspensions of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are currently used to control pest infestations of insects of the Lepidoptera family. For this purpose, the cry1Ab gene coding for protein delta-endotoxin derived from B. thuringiensis kurstaki (Btk), which is highly toxic to these insects, was inserted and expressed in corn. The(More)
Freshwater mussels, Elliptio complanata, were caged in special benthic pens and were immersed at one upstream (Ups) site and two downstream sites (8 and 11 km) of a primary-treated municipal effluent plume for 1 year. The levels of metallothionein-like proteins (MT), lipid peroxidation, protein-free DNA strands and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity(More)