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BACKGROUND Remodeling of the injured vascular wall is dependent on the action of several extracellular proteases. Previous studies have shown that expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) is upregulated after vascular injury and that MMP-2 is required for the migration of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells across complex extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular injury induced by balloon withdrawal leads to the increased activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the vascular wall, allowing smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to digest the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) and migrate from the media into the intima. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a(More)
Intracellular signaling pathways activated by both PDGF and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) have been implicated in the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), a key step in the pathogenesis of many vascular diseases. We demonstrate here that, while bFGF is a weak chemoattractant for VSMCs, it is required for the PDGF-directed migration of(More)
The migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of many vascular diseases and is regulated by soluble growth factors/ chemoattractants as well as interactions with the extracellular matrix. We have studied the effects of antibodies to rat beta3 and human alphavbeta3 integrins on the migration of VSMCs.(More)
BACKGROUND The migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a key event in the pathogenesis of many vascular diseases. We have previously shown that VSMC migration in response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is suppressed when cultured cells are growth-arrested and induced to differentiate. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the(More)
The migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from the tunica media to the neointima is a key event in the development and progression of many vascular diseases and a highly predictable consequence of mechanical injury to the blood vessel. In vivo, VSMCs are surrounded by and embedded in a variety of extracellular matrices (ECMs) that must be(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF BB) activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), ERK1 and ERK2, has been shown to be necessary for mitogen-stimulated proliferation, but its role in regulating cell migration and its relationship to other chemotactic signaling events, such as CamKII activation, has not been defined. Using a modified(More)
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