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Human anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) autoantibodies (aAb) are generated during autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). Within recent years, increasing knowledge of the TPO-specific aAb repertoire, gained mainly by the use of combinatorial library methodology, has led to the cloning and sequencing of around 180 human anti-TPO aAb. Analysis of the immunoglobulin(More)
We report the organization of a grapevine chimeric gene Adhr-Vine-1, composed by an Adhr gene, into which a retroelement, Vine-1, was inserted. Sequence analysis revealed that Adhr is a member of the Adh multigene family, but does not correspond to any other grapevine Adh described to date. Vine-1, albeit defective, is the most complete LTR (long terminal(More)
A baculovirus-expressed chimeric recombinant IgG1 (rIgG1) antibody, with Cgamma1 and Ckappa human constant domains, was derived from the murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) 13B8.2, which is specific for the CDR3-like loop of the CD4 molecule and which inhibits HIV-1 replication. Chimeric rIgG1 antibody 13B8.2 blocked, in a dose-dependent manner, antigen(More)
The biological effects of rIgG(1) 13B8.2, directed against the CDR3-like loop on the D1 domain of CD4, are partly due to signals that prevent NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, but the precise mechanisms of action, particularly at the level of membrane proximal signaling, remain obscure. We support the hypothesis that rIgG(1) 13B8.2 acts by interfering with(More)
Overlapping peptide scans prepared by Spot synthesis have been used to map interaction sites in several systems. Here we report our experience with this approach to identify peptides from the variable parts of anti-hapten, anti-peptide and anti-protein antibodies that retain their specific antigen-binding capacity in the Spot format. In general, the(More)
The anti-CD4 mAb 13B8.2, directed against the CDR3-like loop of the D1 domain of CD4, inhibits signal transduction pathways leading to both T cell activation and HIV replication. VH9/DSP2/JH2 and Vkappa12-13/Jkappa2 rearrangements, corresponding to genes encoding the heavy and light chain variable regions of the 13B8.2 mAb, were inserted into baculovirus(More)
The development of rational methods to design 'continuous' sequence mimetics of discontinuous regions of protein sequence has, to now, been only marginally successful. This has been largely due to the difficulty of constraining the recognition elements of a mimetic structure to the relative conformational and spatial orientations present in the parent(More)
The monoclonal antibody (mAb) ST40, specific for the immunoglobulin complementarity-determining region (CDR) 3-like loop in domain 1 of the CD4 molecule, inhibits human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) promoter activity and viral transcription in HIV-infected cells. To design synthetic peptides from the ST40 paratope that could mimic these biological(More)
We analyzed antigen-binding residues from the variable domains of anti-CD4 antibody 13B8.2 using the Spot method of parallel peptide synthesis. Sixteen amino acids, defined as Spot critical residues (SCR), were identified on the basis of a 50% decrease in CD4 binding to alanine analogs of reactive peptides. Recombinant Fab 13B8.2 mutants were constructed(More)