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  • C. Baril
  • Theoretical and Applied Genetics
  • 1992
The French INRA wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.) breeding program is based on multilocation trials to produce high-yielding, adapted lines for a wide range of environments. Differential genotypic responses to variable environment conditions limit the accuracy of yield estimations. Factor regression was used to partition the genotype-environment (GE)(More)
A sample set of registered perennial ryegrass varieties was used to compare how morphological characterisation and AFLP® (AFLP® is a registered trademark of Keygene N.V.) and STS molecular markers described variety relationships. All the varieties were confirmed as morphologically distinct, and both the STS and AFLP markers exposed sufficient genetic(More)
 Within the context of the reciprocal recurrent selection scheme developed in 1989 by CIRAD-Forêt on Eucalyptus, RAPD essays were performed to assess the genetic diversity in the two species E. urophylla and E. grandis. The molecular markers were split into two parts: the specific markers (present with different frequencies in the two species) and the(More)
The recurrent selection schemes recommended by CIRAD for 6 tropical tree crops are presented and compared. Breeding programmes are carried out under cooperation between CIRAD and its partners in regions where the crops are grown. The crops are cacao, coffee, rubber tree, oil palm, coconut and eucalyptus. After a short look at the background, the reasons(More)
Genotype by environment interaction was investigated for yield data from the official Dutch Variety List trials for potato. The data set included 64 genotypes by 26 environments, where environments consisted of year by soil type combinations. Factorial regression models incorporating genotypic and environmental covariates in the interaction were used to(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis allowed the determination of the size of the genome of Leptospira, a bacterium of the spirochete family. The three restriction enzymes, NotI (5'GC/GGCCGC), NheI (5'G/CTAGC), ApaI (5'-GGGCC/C) generated DNA fragments of suitable size. The results are compatible with a size of 5000 kb for the chromosome of both the pathogenic(More)
The DNA organization of several European and American isolates of Borrelia burgdorferi, the aetiological agent of Lyme disease, was analysed in pulse-field agarose gel electrophoresis. The results of in situ cell lysis in agarose plugs demonstrated a unique arrangement for the DNA of this spirochete. The chromosome of Borrelia behaved as a eukaryotic linear(More)
Metabolites such as diaminopimelate and some aromatic derivatives, not synthesized in mammalian cells, are essential for growth of bacteria. As a first step towards the design of a new human live vaccine that uses attenuated strains of Leptospira interrogans, the asd, aroD and dapD genes, encoding aspartate beta-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 3-dehydroquinase(More)
Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic bacterium with a low G+C content (34 to 39%). The restriction enzymes NotI, AscI, and SrfI cut the chromosome of L. interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae into 13, 3, and 5 fragments separable by one- and two-dimensional pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The genome is composed of a circular 4.6-Mbp chromosome(More)