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CHARMM (Chemistry at HARvard Molecular Mechanics) is a highly versatile and widely used molecular simulation program. It has been developed over the last three decades with a primary focus on molecules of biological interest, including proteins, peptides, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and small molecule ligands, as they occur in solution, crystals,(More)
Dengue virus is responsible for approximately 50-100 million infections, resulting in nearly 24,000 deaths annually. The capsid (C) protein of dengue virus is essential for specific encapsidation of the RNA genome, but little structural information on the C protein is available. We report the solution structure of the 200-residue homodimer of dengue 2 C(More)
After engagement of the B cell receptor for antigen, the Syk protein-tyrosine kinase becomes phosphorylated on multiple tyrosines, some of which serve as docking sites for downstream effectors with SH2 or other phosphotyrosine binding domains. The most frequently identified binding partner for catalytically active Syk identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen(More)
The protein-tyrosine kinase Syk couples immune recognition receptors to multiple signal transduction pathways, including the mobilization of calcium and the activation of NFAT. The ability of Syk to regulate signaling is influenced by its phosphorylation on tyrosine residues within the linker B region. The phosphorylation of both Y342 and Y346 is necessary(More)
The exchange-transferred nuclear Overhauser effect of NMR spectroscopy provides information on small-molecule ligands in association with high-molecular-weight proteins or nucleic acids, or with biomolecular assemblies such as membranes. The method has proved particularly useful for the structural analysis of proton-rich, flexible ligands and for screening(More)
The immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) plays a central role in transmembrane signal transduction in hematopoietic cells by mediating responses leading to proliferation and differentiation. An initial signaling event following activation of the B cell antigen receptor is phosphorylation of the CD79a (Ig-alpha) ITAM by Lyn, a Src family(More)
The antiviral activity of compounds that bind an internal pocket of picornaviruses is due in part to stabilization of the protein capsid and inhibition of the uncoating process required for virus replication. Information on the basis for this structural stabilization of the virus capsid is important to elucidate the mechanism of antiviral action and provide(More)
  • C B Post
  • 1992
Dynamic averaging effects from internal motions on interproton distances estimated from nuclear Overhauser effects (NOE) are determined by using a molecular dynamics simulation of lysozyme. Generalized order parameters measuring angular averaging and radial averaging parameters are calculated. The product of these two parameters describes the full averaging(More)
Quaternary structure polymorphism found in quasiequivalent virus capsids provides a static framework for studying the dynamics of protein interactions. The same protein subunits are found in different structural environments within these particles, and in some cases, the molecular switching required for the polymorphic quaternary interactions is obvious(More)