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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abuse of the popular recreational drug "Ecstasy" (MDMA) has been linked to the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents. It is known that MDMA alters brain serotonin (5-HT) concentrations and that brain postsynaptic 5-HT(2) receptors play a role in the regulation of brain microvasculature. Therefore, we used brain imaging to find out(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) on the human brain by using diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight abstinent ecstasy users and six ecstasy nonusers underwent diffusion and perfusion MR imaging. Apparent diffusion coefficient and relative cerebral volume maps(More)
BACKGROUND 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "Ecstasy") is known to damage brain serotonin neurons in animals and possibly humans. Because serotonergic damage may adversely affect memory, we compared verbal memory function between MDMA users and MDMA-naïve control subjects and evaluated the relationship between verbal memory function and neuronal(More)
PURPOSE To compare two magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques for demonstration of vascular contact with the trigeminal nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen patients with unilateral trigeminal neuralgia and 50 control subjects underwent three-dimensional fast inflow with steady-state precession (FISP) and contrast material-enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with intracranial aneurysms are at risk for future development of new aneurysms and growth of additional untreated aneurysms. Because in previous long-term studies duration of follow-up varied widely, the time interval after which screening could be effective remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess(More)
Flow-territory mapping by MR imaging ASL noninvasively provides a unique insight into the distribution of cerebral perfusion. The introduction of planning-free vessel-encoded pCASL made flow-territory mapping feasible for clinical use, though lack of individual planning could impede reproducibility of this technique. We assessed the reproducibility of(More)
Spiral CT is considered the best alternative for MRI in the evaluation of herniated discs. The purpose of this study was to compare radiological evaluation of spiral CT with MRI in patients suspected of herniated discs. 57 patients with lumbosacral radicular syndrome underwent spiral CT and 1.5 T MRI. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated 171(More)
We report on a blink reflex abnormality observed in two patients, which provides additional information on the central pathways mediating this reflex. Autopsy was performed in one patient and MRI in the other. In the first patient there was a small lesion at the dorsal middle third of the lateral tegmental field and in the second patient at the level of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thirty per cent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have non-motor symptoms, including executive and memory deficits. The in vivo anatomical basis of memory deficits in ALS has not been elucidated. In this observational study, brain atrophy in relation to memory function was investigated in ALS patients and controls. (More)