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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abuse of the popular recreational drug "Ecstasy" (MDMA) has been linked to the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents. It is known that MDMA alters brain serotonin (5-HT) concentrations and that brain postsynaptic 5-HT(2) receptors play a role in the regulation of brain microvasculature. Therefore, we used brain imaging to find out(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) on the human brain by using diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight abstinent ecstasy users and six ecstasy nonusers underwent diffusion and perfusion MR imaging. Apparent diffusion coefficient and relative cerebral volume maps(More)
BACKGROUND 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "Ecstasy") is known to damage brain serotonin neurons in animals and possibly humans. Because serotonergic damage may adversely affect memory, we compared verbal memory function between MDMA users and MDMA-naïve control subjects and evaluated the relationship between verbal memory function and neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with intracranial aneurysms are at risk for future development of new aneurysms and growth of additional untreated aneurysms. Because in previous long-term studies duration of follow-up varied widely, the time interval after which screening could be effective remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thirty per cent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have non-motor symptoms, including executive and memory deficits. The in vivo anatomical basis of memory deficits in ALS has not been elucidated. In this observational study, brain atrophy in relation to memory function was investigated in ALS patients and controls. (More)
We report on a blink reflex abnormality observed in two patients, which provides additional information on the central pathways mediating this reflex. Autopsy was performed in one patient and MRI in the other. In the first patient there was a small lesion at the dorsal middle third of the lateral tegmental field and in the second patient at the level of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have shown that clinical localization of trigeminal nerve lesions is inaccurate as compared with MR imaging findings. The purpose of our study was to ascertain the added value of electromyographic (EMG) investigation of the trigeminal nerve reflexes for the improvement of lesion localization and for the preselection(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this prospective study was to compare stereotactic coordinates obtained with ventriculography with coordinates derived from stereotactic computer-reconstructed three-dimensional magnetic resonance (3D-MR) imaging in functional stereotactic procedures. METHODS In 15 consecutive patients undergoing functional stereotactic procedures,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with a history of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage may have aneurysms on screening several years after the hemorrhage. For determining the benefits of follow-up screening, it is important to know whether these aneurysms have developed after the hemorrhage or are visible in retrospect, and if so, whether the size has(More)
Serial diffusion-weighted (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were performed in a patient with neonatal onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH). At 3 weeks areas that are normally myelinated at this time showed increased T2-signal intensity and restricted diffusion, consistent with vacuolating myelinopathy. At 3 months, these areas had increased in the(More)