C B L M Majoie

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abuse of the popular recreational drug "Ecstasy" (MDMA) has been linked to the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents. It is known that MDMA alters brain serotonin (5-HT) concentrations and that brain postsynaptic 5-HT(2) receptors play a role in the regulation of brain microvasculature. Therefore, we used brain imaging to find out(More)
BACKGROUND 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "Ecstasy") is known to damage brain serotonin neurons in animals and possibly humans. Because serotonergic damage may adversely affect memory, we compared verbal memory function between MDMA users and MDMA-naïve control subjects and evaluated the relationship between verbal memory function and neuronal(More)
Serial diffusion-weighted (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were performed in a patient with neonatal onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH). At 3 weeks areas that are normally myelinated at this time showed increased T2-signal intensity and restricted diffusion, consistent with vacuolating myelinopathy. At 3 months, these areas had increased in the(More)
We determined the prevalence and clinical relevance of incidental brain and head and neck findings in young healthy volunteers with MR imaging. We retrospectively analyzed the MR images obtained from 203 healthy young adult volunteers (mean age, 21.9 years; range, 18-35 years). The prevalence of the categories of findings (no referral necessary, routine(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) on the human brain by using diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight abstinent ecstasy users and six ecstasy nonusers underwent diffusion and perfusion MR imaging. Apparent diffusion coefficient and relative cerebral volume maps(More)
PURPOSE To compare two magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques for demonstration of vascular contact with the trigeminal nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen patients with unilateral trigeminal neuralgia and 50 control subjects underwent three-dimensional fast inflow with steady-state precession (FISP) and contrast material-enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Results of endovascular treatment of PICA aneurysms are not well established. The purpose of this study was to report incidence, clinical presentation, and outcome of endovascular treatment in 46 patients with 47 posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Of 2169 aneurysms treated between January(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis inhibition is a rational treatment strategy for high-grade glioma (HGG). Combined antiangiogenic therapy and chemotherapy could be beneficial, taking advantage of different mechanisms of antitumour activity of both therapies. We carried out a phase I-II clinical trial with the combination of bevacizumab and continuous dose-intense(More)
The approach for treatment of large and fusiform intracranial aneurysms has evolved from stent-assisted coiling to treatment with flow-diverting stents. The treatment results for these stents are promising; however, early postprocedural aneurysm rupture has been described. The exact cause of rupture is unknown but might be related to intra-aneurysmal flow(More)