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Organisms of the class Mollicutes (meaning soft-skin) have regressively evolved, by genome reduction, from Gram-positive bacterial ancestors, namely certain clostria (1). The taxonomy of the class Mollicutes, containing four orders, five familes, and eight genera, is shown in Table 1 (2) The term "mollicute" is sometimes trivially used to describe any(More)
In 1986, Chlamydia trachomatis elementary bodies were found by direct immunofluorescence (DIF) in synovial-fluid cell deposits and synovial-membrane biopsy samples from five of eight patients with sexually acquired reactive arthritis (SARA) but in none of eight controls with other types of arthritis. Cells from the original slides (stored at 4 degrees C)(More)
Mycoplasmas have been suggested as a co-factor to explain various puzzling features of infection by human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1). We sought Mycoplasma fermentans by means of a semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in samples of peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), throat swabs, and urine samples from 117 HIV-seropositive patients (of(More)
AIM/BACKGROUND Mycoplasmas, especially Mycoplasma fermentans, were suggested more than 20 years ago as a possible cause of rheumatoid arthritis but this hypothesis was never substantiated. In view of the superior sensitivity of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay over culture, the aim was to use this method to seek M fermentans and M penetrans in(More)
Ninety male patients with acute nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) who presented for follow-up 10-92 days after initiation of treatment were evaluated. A polymerase chain reaction assay and direct fluorescence antibody test were used to detect Chlamydia trachomatis at presentation and during follow-up. Chlamydial heat-shock protein 60 kD (hsp60) serology with(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed for Chlamydia trachomatis in which a 380 base pair DNA fragment was amplified. Amplification occurred with the DNA from the 15 serovars but not with that from other Chlamydia spp or with DNA from a variety of other organisms. Chlamydial DNA (10(-16) g) could be detected and the PCR seemed to be able to detect(More)
One hundred fourteen heterosexual men with acute nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) and 64 patients without NGU were studied. We determined that Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium were strongly associated with acute NGU after controlling, by means of multivariate analysis, for age, race, sexual lifestyle, and coinfection (odds ratio [OR], 13.0, 95%(More)
Our objectives were to study the distribution of Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium in men with or without non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) and their respective female partners. A case-control study was carried out to which men with or without NGU and their female partners were recruited. All study participants were tested for the presence of C.(More)
The prevalence of 3 mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma genitalium) was determined in a cohort of women with or without bacterial vaginosis (BV) and in their respective male partners. Heterosexual women with or without BV and their male partners were recruited and genital sampling for these microorganisms was performed.(More)
A method is described in which smears on slides, which had been examined previously in a direct fluorescence antibody (DFA) test for Chlamydia trachomatis, were tested by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Twenty four (73%) of 33 smears which contained fewer than 10 elementary bodies when examined by the DFA test were positive by the PCR. Of the nine(More)