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Mixed linear models were developed by animal breeders to evaluate genetic potential of bulls. Application of mixed models has recently spread to all areas of research, spurred by availability of advanced computer software. Previously, mixed model analyses were implemented by adapting fixed-effect methods to models with random effects. This imposed(More)
The General Linear Models procedure (PROC GLM) in SAS/STAT software can be programmed to perform the standard statistical analyses used for relative bioavailability studies. The first steps are validity checks to test for statistical validity (linearity), fundamental validity (intersection of regression lines at 0 supplemental level), and equality of the(More)
Eight commercially available organic Zn products and reagent-grade ZnSO4 x 7H2O (Zn Sulf) were evaluated by polarographic analysis, and solubility in .1 M K2HPO4-KH2PO4 buffer (pH 5), .2 M HCl-KCl buffer (pH 2), and deionized water. Fractions from these solubility tests were evaluated by gel filtration chromatography for structural integrity. Degree of(More)
Four experiments were conducted to identify several factors that might improve the accuracy and reproducibility of Zn bioavailability assays for chicks. Response of tissue Zn and metallothionein (MT) concentrations to various elevated levels and soluble sources of dietary Zn were measured, as well as the effect of delaying high Zn administration until 7 d(More)
An experiment was conducted with male broiler-type chicks to study tissue uptake of Mn as a measure of biological availability of Mn sources. A basal corn-soybean meal diet (116 ppm Mn) was supplemented with 0, 1000, 2000, or 4000 ppm Mn as either reagent grade sulfate, carbonate, or monoxide and fed ad libitum for 26 days. No toxic effects were noted as(More)
Thirty crossbred wethers (60 kg avg initial wt) were used to study the time-dose response to dietary Se as sodium selenite (Na2SeO3). Sheep were fed a basal diet (.20 mg/kg Se, M basis) for 10 d; three wethers were killed and tissues were collected for controls. The remaining 27 sheep were assigned randomly to diets supplemented with either 3, 6 or 9 mg/kg(More)
Twenty-four crossbred Florida native wether lambs, 28 kg initially, were assigned randomly to a basal diet (31 ppm Mn dry matter basis) supplemented with either 0, 500, 1,000, 2,000 or 4,000 ppm Mn from feed grade MnO or 2,000, 4,000 or 8,000 ppm Mn from reagent grade MnCO3. There were three sheep/treatment, with ad libitum access to feed and tap water.(More)
Two experiments were conducted with broiler-type chicks to determine the effect of antibiotics on intestinal weight and kidney, bone, and liver trace mineral concentrations. All antibiotics were in diets at the manufacturers' recommendations. Feed intake of experimental diets (antibiotics or non-treated control) was restricted to 90% of that of an(More)
An experiment was conducted with day-old Cobb feather-sexed chicks for 21 days to study the effect of virginiamycin and dietary manganese on tissue uptake of manganese and intestinal tract weight. The 2 X 2 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments included 0 or 12 ppm virginiamycin and 0 or 1000 ppm added manganese as MnSO4 X H2O. Ad libitum intake was(More)
The biological availability of reagent grade manganese sulfate and manganese monoxide was determined in broiler chicks fed conventional dietary Mn levels. A basal corn-soybean meal diet (35 ppm Mn) was supplemented with 40, 80, or 120 ppm Mn from the two sources and fed ad libitum for 21 days. There were no differences in average daily feed intake, daily(More)