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The low energy dynamic of the enzyme Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase have been investigated by means of quasielastic neutron scattering in the temperature range 4-320 K. Below 200 K the scattering is purely elastic, while above this temperature a pronounced decrease in the elastic intensity is observed, together with the onset of a small quasielastic component.(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the action of a long-acting somatostatin analogue on circulating insulin levels and on pituitary sensitivity to GnRH in women affected by polycystic ovary disease (PCOD). DESIGN Controlled clinical study. SETTING Normal human volunteers in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. PATIENTS(More)
Resident ovarian macrophages have long been recognized as potential in situ regulators of ovarian function, presumably through local paracrine secretion of regulatory molecules (i.e. cytokines). One such macrophage product, interleukin-1 (IL-1) has recently been shown to exert profound regulatory effects at the level of the ovarian granulosa cell. In this(More)
Resident ovarian macrophages have been implicated in the regulation of ovarian function, presumably through local paracrine secretion of regulatory molecules (i.e. cytokines). One such macrophage product, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, has been shown to attenuate the gonadotropin-dependent differentiation of the somatic ovarian (estrogen-producing)(More)
Nineteen women with polycystic ovarian disease (PCO; 9 obese) and 15 normal ovulatory women (7 obese) were studied at their follicular phase. All patients had an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before and after treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist (Buserelin 400 micrograms/die s.c. for 8 weeks) to investigate the relationship(More)
This study evaluated the effect of atamestane (a competitive inhibitor of P-450 aromatase) on granulosa luteal cells from polycystic and normal ovaries. Treatment with atamestane (10 micromol/l) determined a strong inhibition of basal aromatase activity in both types of cells; however, its effect was markedly more pronounced in granulosa cells from normal(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the possible role of growth hormone (GH) on androsterone synthesis. This effect was analyzed in theca-interstitial cells obtained from immature female rats. The addition of GH to the cultures significantly stimulated androsterone (A) synthesis in a dose- and time-dependent way and this effect was not due to a cellular(More)
To date, very few studies on the effect of somatostatin on female reproductive function have been reported. In our study, we examined the effects of somatostatin on (i) androgen biosynthesis using whole ovarian dispersates, and (ii) aromatase activity and progesterone production using granulosa cells. Whole ovarian dispersates obtained from immature rats(More)
The aim of this work is to evaluate the gonadotropin and growth factor effects in vitro on steroidal response in human granulosa luteal cells from polycystic ovaries compared with normal granulosa luteal cells in humans. The granulosa cells from polycystic (polycystic ovarian granulosa cells, POGC) and normo-ovulating women (normal cells, NC) were collected(More)
Nine obese and ten non-obese women with polycystic ovarian disease (PCO), and seven obese and eight non-obese normal women, had an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before and after treatment with GnRH agonist (buserelin 400 micrograms/day s.c. for 8 weeks) in order to investigate the effect of ovarian suppression on their insulinaemic secretion.(More)