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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE T1 and T2 values and proton density can now be quantified on the basis of a single MR acquisition. The myelin and edema in a voxel can also be estimated from these values. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multiparametric quantitative MR imaging model that assesses myelin and edema for characterizing plaques, periplaque(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Synthetic MR imaging enables the creation of various contrast-weighted images including double inversion recovery and phase-sensitive inversion recovery from a single MR imaging quantification scan. Here, we assessed whether synthetic MR imaging is suitable for detecting MS plaques. MATERIALS AND METHODS Quantitative and(More)
Conventional magnetic resonance images are usually evaluated using the image signal contrast between tissues and not based on their absolute signal intensities. Quantification of tissue parameters, such as relaxation rates and proton density, would provide an absolute scale; however, these methods have mainly been performed in a research setting. The(More)
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a rare, sporadic neurocutaneous disorder characterized by leptomenin-geal angiomatosis, most often involving the occipital and posterior parietal lobes. 1 An ipsilateral facial cuta-neous vascular malformation usually affects the facial area innervated by the first sensory branch of the tri-geminal nerve. We applied a magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a technique that enables creation of various contrast-weighted images from a single MRI quantification scan, is a useful clinical tool. However, there are currently no reports examining the use of contrast-enhanced synthetic MRI for detecting brain metastases. PURPOSE To assess whether(More)
Chiari malformation type III is an extremely rare anomaly characterized by a small posterior fossa and a low occipital/high cervical encephalocele with herniation of the posterior fossa contents (that is, the cerebellum and/or the brainstem, occipital lobe, and fourth ventricle). We report a case of Chiari malformation type III in a neonate, discuss the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myelin and axon volume fractions can now be estimated via MR imaging in vivo, as can the g-ratio, which equals the ratio of the inner to the outer diameter of a nerve fiber. The purpose of this study was to evaluate WM damage in patients with MS via this novel MR imaging technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty patients with(More)
To describe how we performed a protocol review, analyzed data, identified opportunities to reduce radiation exposure, and then implemented a new imaging protocol for non-contrast adult head CT at our institution with reduced radiation exposure, using the Japanese diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) as the reference. After analyzing the CT dose index(More)
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