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Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast increasingly important in the production of therapeutic proteins. Expression vectors are based on the methanol-inducible AOX1 promoter and are integrated into the host chromosome. In most cases high copy number integration has been shown to be important for high-level expression. Since this occurs at low frequency(More)
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder with a world-wide prevalence of 1%. The pathophysiology of the illness is not understood, but is thought to have a strong genetic component with some environmental influences on aetiology. To gain further insight into disease mechanism, we used microarray technology to determine the expression of over 30 000(More)
The molecular basis of schizophrenia is poorly understood; however, different brain regions are believed to play distinct roles in disease symptomology. We have studied gene expression in the superior temporal cortex (Brodmann area 22; BA22), which may play a role in positive pathophysiology, and compared our results with data from the anterior prefrontal(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein, gp120 (ENV), is required in large quantities for immunological studies and as a potential vaccine component. We have expressed the DNA encoding gp120 in a highly efficient expression system based on the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris. The native gene was found to contain a(More)
Analysis of interactions between the C-terminal tail of the MOP-1 and MOP-1A variants of the human mu-opioid receptor with proteins derived from a human brain cDNA library resulted in identification of the actin and intermediate filament-binding protein periplakin. Mapping of this interaction indicated that the predicted fourth intracellular loop/helix VIII(More)
To determine whether the high-level expression of foreign proteins in Escherichia coli can lead to frequent translational errors, we analyzed amino acid misincorporation in mouse epidermal growth factor (mEGF) produced as a TrpE fusion protein. The mEGF DNA does not encode phenylalanine and determining the phenylalanine content of the purified protein will(More)
The aim of the present study was to develop a chronic in vivo model of pulmonary beta(2)-adrenoceptor desensitization and to elucidate the nature and molecular basis of this state. Subcutaneous infusion of rats with albuterol for 7 days compromised the ability of albuterol, given acutely, to protect against acetylcholine-induced bronchoconstriction. The(More)
Reduced beta-adrenergic responsiveness in the heart is a characteristic feature of heart failure. G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) phosphorylates beta-adrenoceptors in an agonist-dependent manner, causing receptor uncoupling and desensitisation. Elevated levels of both GRK2 mRNA and activity have been shown to occur in the failing human heart(More)