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Wild type and eight point mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ARF1 were expressed in yeast and bacteria to determine the roles of specific residues in in vivo and in vitro activities. Mutations at either Gly2 or Asp26 resulted in recessive loss of function. It was concluded that N-myristoylation is required for Arf action in cells but not for either(More)
The ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) is a member of the small molecular weight GTP-binding protein family and serves as the cofactor in the cholera toxin-catalyzed activation of the stimulatory regulatory subunit (Gs) of adenylate cyclase. Bovine Arf1 has been expressed at high levels and purified from bacteria. The recombinant Arf1 was compared with purified(More)
Deletion of the amino-terminal 17 residues from human ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) resulted in a protein ([delta 1-17]mARF1p) devoid of ARF activity but which retained the ability to bind guanine nucleotides with high affinity. Unlike the wild type, the binding of guanine nucleotides to this deletion mutant was found to be independent of added(More)
We have identified a Drosophila gene (arflike, arl) encoding a protein that is structurally related (approximately 55% identity) to the ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) of yeast and mammals. Biochemical analyses of purified recombinant arl-encoded protein revealed properties similar to the ARF proteins, including the ability to bind and hydrolyze GTP. Clear(More)
Recent evidence has implicated ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) proteins as critical regulators of the protein secretory pathway, particularly in the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi pathway. We have examined whether Golgi membranes contain activators of ARF and the consequences of ARF activation and acylation on its membrane association. Two means were used to(More)
A new member, hARF4, of the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family, a subset of the superfamily of regulatory GTP-binding proteins, has been cloned from a cDNA expression library. Two other human ARF cDNA sequences, designated human ARF1 and ARF3, have been reported previously and are 96% identical in amino acid sequence. A human ARF1 cDNA, significantly(More)
We have investigated the effect of dietary fat on isoproterenol-stimulated and propranolol-inhibited heart rate in the rat. In the first experiment, weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing 10% butter (10B), 10% corn oil (10C) or 9% butter/1% corn oil (10M) for 4 wk. Heart rate was determined in response to increasing i.v. doses of(More)
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