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In a previous study where reaction-time methods were combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex, cortico-spinal excitability was shown to reflect time preparation. Provided that subjects can accurately estimate time, the amplitude of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) diminish progressively during the interval separating the(More)
In reaction time studies of stimulus-response compatibility, emphasis has been placed on the influence of spatial stimulus-response relationships, but what seems to be essential for the emergence of an effect of stimulus-response compatibility is the existence of a conceptual match between stimulus and response variables. This notion was at the origin of(More)
In order to investigate the preparatory modulations of cortico-spinal excitability, reaction time (RT) methods were combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex. We analyzed the variations in the amplitude of motor potentials evoked in a prime mover (flexor digitorum sublimis) by TMS delivered during the foreperiod of a visual(More)
Choice reaction time (RT) is shorter when the stimulus corresponds spatially to the response than when the stimulus does not, even when the stimulus location is irrelevant to the task. We used electromyographic measures to document that this effect is the result of a response conflict. The activity of the prime movers of two alternative responses was(More)
Changes in cortico-spinal excitability related to time and event preparation were investigated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex during the foreperiod of a movement-precuing task. Subjects performed a four alternative choice reaction time (RT) task involving a button-press with the index or middle finger (FI) of the left or(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the modulations in amplitude of H reflexes elicited in a hand muscle, the flexor pollicis brevis, during the performance of a choice reaction time (RT) task in which this muscle was directly involved. Ten subjects were to choose between a left- or a right-thumb key-press according to the lateral location of a(More)
Ketamine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist that induces cognitive dysfunctions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a subanesthetic dose of ketamine on human information processing, using the additive factor method. During perfusion of a subanesthetic dose of ketamine (0.5 mg/kg over 60 min) or a placebo (randomized(More)
It has been shown that transcranial magnetic stimulation can delay simple reaction time; this happens when the stimulation is delivered during the reaction time and over the cortical area which commands the prime mover of the required response. Although it is agreed that magnetic stimulation could be a useful tool for studying information processing in man,(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess levodopa (L-Dopa)-induced drowsiness in healthy volunteers using two parameters: choice reaction time and a subjective rating of sedation. Sixteen subjects participated in a randomized, double-blinded, crossover study. A single dose of 200 mg L-Dopa or placebo was administered at 9:00 AM. To limit peripheral side(More)