C A Ferraz de Carvalho

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We have examined the sizes of nerve cells present in the myenteric plexus in the human esophagus, stomach, duodenum and sigmoid colon using a nonhistochemical method (Giemsa) in laminar preparations of the muscularis externa. The collagen and elastic system related fibers in the myenteric ganglia were also qualitatively evaluated. The major mean of(More)
The number of nerve cells in the myenteric plexus of a freshwater teleost (Pimelodus maculatus) was obtained with the aid of statistical methods. 1. The density of neurons/cm2 was the following: 91,142 in the duodenum; 93,133 in the ileum and 82,857 in the rectum. These 3 portions have not showed statistically significant differences. 2. The mean surface(More)
On hand of the electonmicroscope, the authors study 24 parts of the encephalic ventricles in samples of Bradypus tridactylus, relating the nervous structures to the ependymal lining, chiefly emphasizing the presence of intraventricular unmyelinated fibres. In various of these regions, typical nerve fibres and other intraventricular cell projections, that(More)
An electron-microscopic study of ependymal cells in 24 different areas of the encephalic ventricular system of Bradypus tridactylus was made, with a view to making a comparative analysis, of a topographical kind, of various cell components: cilia, microvilli, plasma membrane, cytoplasmic protrusions, types of cellular junctions, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus,(More)
The anatomical study of the proximal attachments of the human popliteus muscle was performed in 25 knees obtained from the dissection room cadavers, of the Anatomy Department of the São Paulo University Medical School. Our findings suggest that the p.m. has four proximal attachments, the condylar, meniscal, capsular and fibular. The muscle can be divided(More)
A freeze-fracture analysis of the satellite cells of spinal ganglia of the chick embryo was performed in 8 successive stages of development, from the 5th incubation day to hatching. The characteristic laminar disposition of the cells were first observed on the 7th day. Tight junctions were found at the 20th incubation day. Small groups or irregular(More)
The densities of ganglia and nerve cells in the myenteric plexus of the last distal 11 cm of the human esophagus were determined in 6 esophagi from autopsy material. The densities of ganglia and nerve cells in cresyl violet-stained stretch preparations of 11 esophageal segments, each 1 cm in length, were compared. The highest values were recorded in(More)
The connective tissue associated with the myenteric plexus of the human oesophagus was studied by light and electron microscopy. Collagen fibres were identified by picrosirius staining with polarization microscopy and from their fine structural morphology. A capsule of connective tissue invests the ganglia while septa of connective tissue separate groups of(More)
Clear and dark satellite cell classes were identified by electron microscopy in the lumbar sensory ganglia of domestic fowl in 8 pre and 4 post-hatching stages of development. Some cytologic differences found between the two classes relating to the rough-endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus and junctional complexes suggest the existence of(More)
An electron microscopic study of satellite cells in the sensory lumbar ganglia from 12 pre- and post-hatching stages of Gallus gallus domesticus L., between the 5th and 120th d, was undertaken. A combined light and electron microscopic morphometric analysis was made in 10 and 18 d embryos and in 8, 35, 61, and 120 d post-hatching specimens. RER, SER, Golgi(More)