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BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) promotes breast cancer and disease progression. Bioavailability of IGF1 is modulated by IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGFBP4 inhibits IGF1 activity but cleavage by pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) protease releases active IGF1. METHODS Expression of IGF pathway components and PAPP-A was(More)
Inflammation is an important element in the development and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque. Using a high sensitivity multiplex assay, previously untested in the context of atherosclerotic disease, we determined serum concentrations of GM-CSF, IFNgamma, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF alpha, IL-6, and IL-8 in 48 Myocardial Infarction (MI)(More)
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