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Steady state auditory evoked potentials (SSAEPs) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetoencephalogram (MEG) have been reported to be reduced in schizophrenia, most consistently to frequencies in the gamma range (40 Hz and greater). The current study evaluated the specificity of this deficit over a broad range of stimulus frequencies and harmonics, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors tested whether neural synchronization deficits were present in subjects with schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder. METHOD Amplitude-modulated tones were used to evaluate auditory steady-state evoked potential entrainment in a combined group of 21 subjects with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, 11 subjects with(More)
Persons with schizophrenia experience subjective sensory anomalies and objective deficits on assessment of sensory function. Such deficits could be produced by abnormal signaling in the sensory pathways and sensory cortex or later stage disturbances in cognitive processing of such inputs. Steady state responses (SSRs) provide a noninvasive method to test(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, patients presenting with uncomplicated dyspepsia have been managed using empiric antisecretory therapy, followed by endoscopy in the event of persistent symptoms or complication. Since Helicobacter pylori is now accepted as an important and potentially reversible cause of ulcer disease, it is important to reevaluate the management(More)
OBJECTIVES   Abnormalities in auditory steady state response (ASSR) at gamma range frequencies have been found in bipolar disorder, but the relationship of these neurophysiological disturbances to clinical factors has not been well characterized. We therefore evaluated the ASSR in bipolar disorder and examined its sensitivity to clinical symptoms, cognitive(More)
Dysregulation in behavioral activation system (BAS) activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder (BPD). To characterize BAS activity and related facets in this disorder, the authors compared 59 participants with BPD to 44 controls on multiple measures of BAS activity, including a standardized behavioral task, self-reports, and(More)
Patients with schizophrenia often continue to experience disabling positive symptoms, despite adequate trials of medication. In these situations, patients may be prescribed an adjunctive medication, but a more effective choice may be cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This review of 16 published articles from 12 randomized controlled trials found that CBT(More)
Previous studies suggest that deficits in neural synchronization and temporal integration are characteristic of schizophrenia. These phenomena have been rarely studied in SPD, which shares phenomenological and genetic similarities with schizophrenia. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were obtained using an auditory oddball task from 21 patients with(More)
Sensory gating refers to the central nervous system's ability to filter sensory inputs, and can be measured by comparing the suppression of event-related brain potential (ERP) amplitudes in a paired auditory stimulus procedure. Poor gating scores in schizophrenia may be caused by abnormal responses to the first (S1), the second (S2) or both of the paired(More)
We investigated whether schizophrenia spectrum disorders share common personality characteristics or traits. Participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SZ) or with a schizophrenia spectrum personality disorder (schizophrenia spectrum PD: schizoid, paranoid, and schizotypal personality disorder) were compared with(More)