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Since cytochrome P450 monooxygenases enable the regio- and stereo-selective hydroxylation of C-H bonds, they are of outstanding interest for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. Nevertheless, for industrial applications of such enzymes, e.g., steroid hydroxylation, several challenges like cofactor and oxygen supply, limited stability and(More)
1-(4-Methylphenyl)-2-pyrrolidin-1-ylhexan-1-one (4'-methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinohexanophenone, MPHP) is a new designer drug that appeared on the illicit drug market. It is mainly metabolized to 4'-hydroxymethyl-alpha-pyrrolidinohexanophenone (HO-MPHP) followed by oxidation to the respective carboxylic acid. For studies on the quantitative involvement of human(More)
Cytochromes P450 play a vital role in the steroid biosynthesis pathway of the adrenal gland. An example of an essential P450 cytochrome is the steroid 11beta-hydroxylase CYP11B1, which catalyses the conversion of 11-deoxycorticol to hydrocortisone. However, despite its high biotechnological potential, this enzyme has so far been unsuccessfully employed in(More)
UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are an important group of enzymes that participate in phase II metabolism of xenobiotics and use the cofactor UDP-glucuronic acid for the production of glucuronides. When acting on molecules bearing a carboxylic acid they can form acyl glucuronides, a group of metabolites that has gained significant interest in recent years(More)
The growing need for the characterization of cytochrome P450 (P450) metabolites often necessitates their synthesis up to Gram-scale. This task may in principle be achieved by using various techniques including chemical synthesis, the use of laboratory animals, in vitro P450 systems or microbial biotransformation. However, these approaches are in many(More)
Genetically engineered microorganisms are being increasingly used for the industrial production of complicated chemical compounds such as steroids; however, there have been few reports on the use of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe for this purpose. We previously have demonstrated that this yeast is a unique host for recombinant expression of(More)
Drug metabolites generated by UDP glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are needed for drug development and toxicity studies, especially in the context of safety testing of metabolites during drug development. Because chemical metabolite synthesis can be arduous, various biological approaches have been developed; however, no whole-cell biotransformation with(More)
Cytochrome P450s are haem-containing monooxygenases that catalyse a variety of oxidations utilizing a large substrate spectrum and are therefore of interest for biotechnological applications. We expressed human CYP21 in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a eukaryotic model for P450-dependent whole-cell biotransformation. The resulting strain(More)
Overexpression of human CYP4Z1, a cytochrome P450 enzyme, has been correlated with poor prognosis in human cancer. However, its catalytic properties are not yet known. We expressed this P450 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and demonstrate by whole-cell biotransformation assays CYP4Z1-dependent in-chain hydroxylation of lauric and myristic acid, which in both(More)
A simple, rapid and sensitive fluorimetric assay for the quantitative determination of cortisol is reported. The assay is based on the formation of a fluorescent dye when cortisol is incubated with a mixture of sulfuric acid and acetic acid. The fluorescence spectrum recorded for the resulting dye shows a maximum extinction at 475 nm and a maximum emission(More)