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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling is involved in various acute and chronic renal lesions and contributes to inflammation and fibrosis in several organs; the latter are important determinants to the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to assess TLR4 expression in progressive CKD and relate it to severity of kidney damage, using an(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal barrier injury during intestinal preservation (IP) and transplantation favors life-threatening infections. Luminal delivery of solutions containing amino acids or polyethylene glycols (PEGs) may improve preservation results and reduce this injury. We tested if solutions containing glutamine and PEG influence the mucosal injury. (More)
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