Cíntia Cruz

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The polymorphism characterized by a varying number of 48 bp repeats (VNTR) in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene was examined in 61 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) probands with and without tics. Most of the OCD patients with tics showed at least one copy of the 7-fold variant compared to those affected subjects without tics (91 vs. 48%, respectively,(More)
The hypothesis implicating the serotonergic system in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is supported by the therapeutic efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Since SSRIs act on the serotonin transporter (5-HTT), it has been suggested that the 5-HTT gene (SCL6A4) could be a good candidate for OCD. The SCL6A4(More)
We performed an association analysis of the DRD2, DRD3 and 5HT2A genes polymorphisms in 67 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) patients and 54 healthy controls. There were no statistically significant differences in genotype or allele frequencies for any of the polymorphisms studied between OCD subjects and controls. For the subgrouped analysis, no results(More)
Studies have recently reported a sexually dimorphic association between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a polymorphism related with variations in MAO-A activity. These observations suggest the possibility of gender differences in genetic susceptibility for OCD. We thus reexamined the MAO-A/EcoRV polymorphism in a sample of 122 OCD patients and 124(More)
The suggested association between the TaqI A1 allele of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene with alcoholism was studied comparing the genotypes of 38 controls and 38 ethnic matched alcoholics, drawn from the Mexican population. The alcoholics in our sample suffered from one of the following conditions: delirium tremens, alcohol hallucinosis or(More)
Melhora dos sintomas positivos e negativos da esquizofrenia com o uso coadjuvante de amantadina aos antipsicóticos: série de casos Dear Editor, It has been suggested that glutamate deregulation may be involved in the neuropathology of schizophrenia (SZ), mainly through N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA) dysfunction. Memantine, a drug approved by the FDA(More)
The molecular analysis of the human phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene in Mexican phenylketonuric (PKU) patients is described. We analyzed the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) haplotypes of five probands and ten non-affected relatives, belonging to four unrelated PKU families. Twenty-nine alleles were typified, corresponding to 12 different(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) could be considered a neurodevelopmental disorder, from several lines of evidence. One of the most widely studied genes in these disorders is the apolipoprotein E gene, particularly allele 4. We analyzed for association among patients with OCD versus normal controls and cognitively impaired patients. There were no(More)
An allelic association study between dopamine receptor gene polymorphisms D2 (DRD2) and D4 (DRD4), in obsessive-compulsive patients (OCD) with or without chronic motor or vocal tics (OCD+ or OCD-) was performed. Molecular genotypes were obtained using the polymerase chain reaction method (PCR) in 66 patients diagnosed according DSMIV criteria, 12/66 OCD(More)