César Ruiz-García

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1. The analgesic effects of diltiazem and verapamil, both per se and together with morphine, were studied using subcutaneous (s.c.) and intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administrations, in the hot-plate test in mice. 2. The i.c.v. injection of verapamil (15-120 micrograms/mouse) and diltiazem (60-120 micrograms/mouse) induced dose-dependent analgesic(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with very high mortality rates, mainly of cardiovascular origin. The retention of phosphate (P) and increased fibroblast growth factor-23 levels are common, even at early stages of CKD, due to disturbances in normal P homeostasis. Later, hyperphosphatemia appears, which has also been strongly associated with high(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We intended to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of oral solutions of magnesium and vitamin B(6) in alleviating the symptoms emerged during clinical exacerbations in children aged 7-14 years suffering from Tourette syndrome (TS). We also aimed to determine the mean and the standard deviation of such an improvement in order to(More)
CKD and CKD-related mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBDs) are associated with high cardiovascular and mortality risks. In randomized clinical trials (RCTs), no single drug intervention has been shown to reduce the high mortality risk in dialysis patients, but several robust secondary analyses point toward important potential beneficial effects of(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been used as a model and source of knowledge concerning the mechanisms, clinical relevance and accelerated progression of cardiovascular (CV) calcification, as well as its consequences in clinical practice, despite we know that it is a late secondary ossification phenomenon and only circumstantial evidence is available. In(More)
Cardiovascular (CV) calcification is a highly prevalent condition at all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is directly associated with increased CV and global morbidity and mortality. In the first part of this review, we have shown that CV calcifications represent an important part of the CKD-MBD complex and are a superior predictor of clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD), involving a triad of laboratory and bone abnormalities, and tissue calcifications, are associated with dismal hard-outcomes. AREAS COVERED In two comprehensive articles, we review contemporary and future pharmacological options for treatment of phosphate (P) imbalance (this part 1)(More)
We report the case of a 32-year-old male diagnosed with TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene syndrome, presenting with tuberous sclerosis (TS) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease simultaneously. He progressed to end-stage renal disease and received a kidney transplant at the age of 12. The native kidneys presented angiomyolipomas (AML), which are common(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications have become a major healthcare problem, both due to the resources that are required in the final stages of the disease and to secondary complications. As such, its early diagnosis is considered to be very important nowadays. The recently published 2013 KDIGO guidelines base the definition and classification(More)
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