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Androgens are essential to normal prostate growth and development. It is therefore possible that polymorphisms in the androgen synthesis gene 5alpha-reductase type II (SRD5A2) may be involved in the progression of prostate tumors. We evaluated the relationship of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms, A49T and V89L, with prostate cancer risk in a case-control(More)
We analyzed the consequences of aerial spraying with glyphosate added to a surfactant solution in the northern part of Ecuador. A total of 24 exposed and 21 unexposed control individuals were investigated using the comet assay. The results showed a higher degree of DNA damage in the exposed group (comet length = 35.5 μm) compared to the control group (comet(More)
Bladder cancer represents 8% of all malignancies diagnosed in men and 3% in women. The risk factors for developing bladder cancer, including the incidence rate, morbidity, and mortality, vary according to the ethnic group, exposition rate at work, age, gender, and tobacco consumption. Moreover, there is a risk of developing this carcinoma due to dietary(More)
RAD54L (OMIM 603615, Locus Link 8438) has been proposed as a candidate oncosupressor in tumours bearing a non-random deletion of 1p32, such as breast or colon carcinomas, lymphomas and meningiomas. In a search for RAD54L mutations in 29 menigiomas with allelic deletions in 1p, the only genetic change observed was a silent C/T transition at nucleotide 2290(More)
DNA common variants may significantly contribute to genetic risk for common diseases. Because of its biological function in DNA repair, hMSH2 gene polymorphisms are candidates for influencing cancer susceptibility and overall genetic stability. Twenty-two individuals with non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and 50 normal individuals were screened for polymorphic(More)
INTRODUCTION The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of apolipoprotein E (Apo E) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) polymorphisms and their influence on the development of Alzheimer disease (AD) in the Ecuadorian population. METHODS The authors performed an analytic transversal case-control study. The study group (n = 39)(More)
The hRAD54 gene is a key member of the RAD52 epistasis group involved in repair of double-strand breaks (DSB) by homologous recombination (HR). Thus, alterations of the normal function of these genes could generate genetic instability, shifting the normal process of the cell cycle, leading the cells to develop into cancer. In this work we analyzed exon 18(More)
Given the importance of mismatch repairing genes in keeping the genetic stability in cells, any alterations in their structure or function could generate instability in the genome and predispose the development of oncogenic processes. hMSH2 is the principal gene involved in the post-replicating DNA mismatch repair system. In this study, exon 13 of the hMSH2(More)
INTRODUCTION The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), methionine synthase (MTR) and MTR reductase (MTRR) enzymes act in the folate metabolism, which is essential in methylation and synthesis of nucleic acids. The single nucleotide polymorphisms, MTHFR C677T, A1298C, MTR A2756G and MTRR A66G, cause alteration in the homocysteine levels and reduced(More)
Currently, it is known that several chemical agents used or generated by the oil industry are classified as mutagens and/or carcinogens. Among these we have gasoline, diesel, butane gas, styrene, benzene, chloroform, and others. Studies have verified that these chemicals have effects in fertility (abortions, sterility); produce various upheavals, such as(More)