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New tailor-made anionic exchange resins have been prepared, based on films of large polyethylenimine polymers (e.g., MW 25,000) completely coating, via covalent immobilization, the surface of different porous supports (agarose, silica, polymeric resins). Most proteins contained in crude extracts from different sources have been very strongly adsorbed on(More)
Multipoint covalent immobilization of enzymes (through very short spacer arms) on support surfaces promotes a very interesting 'rigidification' of protein molecules. In this case, the relative positions of each residue of the enzyme involved in the immobilization process have to be preserved unchanged during any conformational change induced on the(More)
Immobilization of enzymes and proteins on activated supports permits the simplification of the reactor design and may be used to improve some enzyme properties. In this sense, supports containing epoxy groups seem to be useful to generate very intense multipoint covalent attachment with different nucleophiles placed on the surface of enzyme molecules (e.g.,(More)
Diluted solutions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) (e.g., 0.1 mg /mL) do not form detectable protein large aggregates. Using gel-filtration experiments, we determined that a diluted solution of BSA is 97% monomeric BSA and 3% dimeric. The adsorption of this diluted BSA on highly activated anionic exchangers (e,g., having 40 micromol/wet g) keeps this mainly(More)
Purified Acetylcholine Receptor (AcChR) from Torpedo has been reconstituted at low (approximately 1:3500) and high (approximately 1:560) protein to phospholipid molar ratios into vesicles containing egg phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and different dimyristoyl phospholipids (dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylglycerol and(More)
Using the poly-His-tagged-beta-galactosidase from Thermus sp. strain T2 overexpressed in Escherichia coli (MC1116) as a model enzyme, we have developed a strategy to purify and immobilize proteins in a single step, combining the excellent properties of epoxy groups for enzyme immobilization with the good performance of immobilized metal-chelate affinity(More)
The effects of four catechins, (+)-catechin (C), (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG), and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), on the physical properties of phospholipid model membranes and the correlation to their antioxidant and antibacterial capacities have been studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), fluorescence(More)
Triclosan is a broad-spectrum hydrophobic antibacterial agent used in dermatological preparations and oral hygiene products. To gain further insight into the mode of action of Triclosan we examined its effects on membranes by performing leakage titrations of different oral bacteria and studying its interaction with model membranes through the use of(More)
Immobilization of zwitterionic lipid membranes in sol-gel matrices induces irreversible alterations of the bilayer fluidity, which can limit the use of these systems for practical applications. Recently, we have reported that electrostatic interactions between phospholipids polar heads and the negative-charged silica surface of the porous matrix should be(More)
The kinetic constants (Km, Vmax, and inhibition constants for the different products) of soluble and different immobilized preparations of beta-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis were determined. For the soluble enzyme, the Km was 3.6 mM, while the competitive inhibition constant by galactose was 45 mM and the noncompetitive one by glucose was 758 mM.(More)