César Casimiro

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this systematic review was to locate and assess the quality of scientific evidence to establish a graded recommendation based on the effectiveness of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in different medical and surgical conditions. We were concerned with the following topics: 1) benefits of enteral administration of glutamine in(More)
Use of n-3 fatty acids (FA) has been reported to be beneficial for cancer patients. We performed a systematic review of the literature in order to issue recommendations on the clinical use of n-3 FA in the cancer setting. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and Healthstar databases. We selected clinical trials or prospective(More)
INTRODUCTION Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is more prevalent in the countries that have an occidental type diet (rich in meat, animal fat, and refined carbohydrates and poor in fibre). Genetic differences among the various populations do not seem to be very important regarding this issue. Several geographic areas are suffering a growing rise in incidence that(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetic patients may need enteral nutrition support as part of their treatment. The objective was to compare glycemic and lipid control in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes requiring feeding via nasogastric tube using enteral feedings with either a highcarbohydrate or a high-monounsaturated-fat content. METHODS This trial(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate nutritional status and blood glucose level according to type of diet followed by elderly (> 65 years old) institutionalised patients with non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). METHODS A data collection questionnaire was administered to the staff of 80 Spanish geriatric facilities participating in this one-day(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A multicentre study was conducted to compare three methods of inhalation induction with sevoflurane in adult premedicated patients. METHODS One-hundred-and-twenty-five adult patients of ASA I-II were scheduled for short elective surgical procedures (< 90 min) under general anaesthesia with spontaneous ventilation of the lungs via(More)
OBJECTIVES To design and validate a scale to evaluate preferences of type 2 diabetic patients towards nutritional supplements (Madrid scale) and to discover those taste attributes that are more discriminating. CONTEXT ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS 18 controls and 106 type 2 diabetic patients received 2 of the 7(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutritional risk in ambulatory elderly people (> or = 65 years old) and determine influential factors. METHODS A questionnaire was provided to 400 Spanish pharmacists to gather data from ambulatory elderly people in a one-visit prospective study. Data collected included: age, gender, body mass index,(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the bioequivalence between a new formulation of propofol 2% and the commercially available product Diprivan. Secondary objectives were to compare the times to onset of and emergence from hypnosis, the hemodynamic effects, and the safety profiles. Twelve healthy male volunteers were included in a randomized crossover(More)