César Augusto Diniz Xavier

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The incidence of begomovirus infections in crop plants sharply increased in Brazil during the 1990s following the introduction of the invasive B biotype of the whitefly vector, Bemisia tabaci. It is believed that this biotype transmitted begomoviruses from noncultivated plants to crop species with greater efficiency than indigenous B. tabaci biotypes.(More)
Begomoviruses are ssDNA plant viruses that cause serious epidemics in economically important crops worldwide. Non-cultivated plants also harbour many begomoviruses, and it is believed that these hosts may act as reservoirs and as mixing vessels where recombination may occur. Begomoviruses are notoriously recombination-prone, and also display nucleotide(More)
Viral diseases caused by begomoviruses are of economic importance due to their adverse effects on the production of tropical and subtropical crops. In Ecuador, despite reports of significant infestations of Bemisia tabaci in the late 1990s, only very recently has a begomovirus, tomato leaf deformation virus (ToLDeV, also present in Peru), been reported in(More)
Ninety-five tomato accessions belonging to the Vegetable Crops Germplasm Bank of the Federal University of Viçosa (BGH-UFV) were evaluated in a protected environment (biolistic inoculation under greenhouse conditions) and in the field (natural infection) for resistance to bipartite begomoviruses present in Brazil. Plants were assessed by the visual(More)
Begomoviruses are whitefly-transmitted, ssDNA plant viruses and are among the most damaging pathogens causing epidemics in economically important crops worldwide. Wild/non-cultivated plants play a crucial epidemiological role, acting as begomovirus reservoirs and as 'mixing vessels' where recombination can occur. Previous work suggests a higher degree of(More)
A high diversity of begomoviruses that infect non-cultivated plants has been noted in Brazil. Here, we report the complete sequences of two new species of bipartite begomoviruses from Sida sp. plants collected in the state of Piauí, northeastern Brazil. The genomes of these viruses show a genomic organization that is typical of New World begomoviruses. In(More)
The emergence of begomoviruses (whitefly-transmitted viruses classified in the genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) in Brazil probably occurred by horizontal transfer from non-cultivated plants after the introduction of Bemisia tabaci MEAM1. The centre of diversity of Euphorbia heterophylla (Euphorbiaceae) is located in Brazil and Paraguay, where it is(More)
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