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ABSTRACT Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a member of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae), causes severe losses in tomato production in the tropics and subtropics. In order to generate engineered resistance, eight different constructs of the TYLCV replication-associated protein (Rep) and C4 gene sequences were tested in transformed tomato(More)
Inflammation and immunity may be associated with endothelial cell (EC) injury and thrombus formation. We explored the mechanisms through which a humoral immune response directed against the endothelium might promote coagulation. Using the interaction of anti-EC antibodies and complement (C) with cultured EC as a model, we studied the expression and function(More)
Adult whiteflies, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), collected from the field were screened for viral pathogens using a cell line from the silverleaf whitefly, B. tabaci, B biotype (syn. B. argentifolii). Homogenates from the field-collected whiteflies were applied to cell cultures and checked for cytopathic effects (CPE). Cells were observed to develop(More)
NK cells may mediate effector functions other than target cell cytotoxicity. To explore such noncytotoxic effector mechanisms, we tested whether human PBL and purified NK (CD56+) cells might induce expression of tissue factor by cultured porcine aortic endothelial cells. Tissue factor is the major coagulation factor that binds to factor VIIa and initiates(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction of complement with endothelial cells (ECs) underlies the development of inflammation and coagulation in disease. Assembly of the membrane attack complex (MAC) of complement on EC membrane, like stimulation with cytokines, upregulates tissue factor and cyclooxygenase-2 but does so via the intermediary action of IL-1alpha. We asked(More)
The begomovirus Potato yellow mosaic virus (PYMV) is responsible of significant yield losses in tomato in Guadeloupe. Four field isolates from Guadeloupe were analyzed in term of their host range using three inoculation methods (mechanical, grafting and insect vector), sequences analysis of PCR fragments and phylogenetic analysis of an infectious clone,(More)
Streptozotocin (STZ)-based chemotherapy is the first-line chemotherapy recommended for advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs), while targeted therapies, including mTOR inhibitors, are available in second-line treatment. Unfortunately objective response rates to both treatments are limited. Since mTOR pathway activation, commonly observed in(More)
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