Céline Nguefeu Nkenfou

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Filarial infection is characterized by an immune response associated with the production of Ag-specific IgG4 and IgE and IL-4 and IL-5. To identify filarial Ags capable of inducing such responses and to analyze the role Ags themselves play in sustaining it, 24 recombinant filarial parasite proteins were screened for their ability to be recognized by sera(More)
Monocytes and macrophages are target cells for dengue infection. Besides their potential role for virus replication, activated monocytes/macrophages produce cytokines that may be critical for dengue pathology. To study the in vivo role of monocytes and macrophages for virus replication, we depleted monocytes and macrophages in IFN-alphabetagammaR knockout(More)
A yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) expression system has been adapted to produce reagent quantities of a major Onchocerca antigen, Ov33. Using a pool of monoclonal antibodies produced against third-stage larvae, a cDNA library constructed from adult O. volvulus worms was screened. Twenty-seven cDNAs were isolated, two of which had sequence homology to Ov33,(More)
The magnitude of intestinal parasitic infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients requires careful consideration in the developing world where poor nutrition is associated with poor hygiene and several tropical diseases. However, there have been very few studies addressing this issue in Cameroon. This study was conducted to determine the(More)
The testing of dried blood spots (DBSs) for human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA by PCR is a technology that has proven to be particularly valuable in diagnosing exposed infants. We implemented this technology for HIV-1 early infant diagnosis (EID) and HIV-1 RNA viral load determination in infants born of HIV-1-seropositive mothers from remote(More)
The flavivirus envelope glycoprotein (E) is responsible for viral attachment and entry by membrane fusion. Its ectodomain is the primary target of the humoral immune response. In particular, the C-terminal Ig-like domain III of E, which is exposed at the surface of the viral particle, forms an attractive antigen for raising protective monoclonal antibodies(More)
Sensitive, specific and low-cost diagnostic tests for onchocerciasis are indispensable for monitoring the efficacy of control programs, as well as for preventing blindness (when the tests are combined with efficacious chemotherapy. Three new tests to detect Onchocerca-specific antigens in tears, dermal fluid and urine employ antibodies to O.(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improvement in HIV prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), there are still over 1,500 African infants newly infected daily. PMTCT elimination requires antiretroviral therapy (ART) throughout pregnancy and breastfeeding periods, while early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV implies early treatment for those infected. Our study(More)
Genetic variants of the genes encoding Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) co-receptors and their ligands, like CC-Chemokine Receptor 5 delta 32 mutation (CCR5-Delta32), CCR5 promoter A/G (Adenine/Guanine), CC-Chemokine Receptor 2 mutation 64 isoleucine (CCR2-64I) and the Stromal cell-derived Factor 3’A mutation (SDF1-3’A), are involved in the(More)