Céline Nguefeu Nkenfou

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Filarial infection is characterized by an immune response associated with the production of Ag-specific IgG4 and IgE and IL-4 and IL-5. To identify filarial Ags capable of inducing such responses and to analyze the role Ags themselves play in sustaining it, 24 recombinant filarial parasite proteins were screened for their ability to be recognized by sera(More)
The testing of dried blood spots (DBSs) for human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA by PCR is a technology that has proven to be particularly valuable in diagnosing exposed infants. We implemented this technology for HIV-1 early infant diagnosis (EID) and HIV-1 RNA viral load determination in infants born of HIV-1-seropositive mothers from remote(More)
The flavivirus envelope glycoprotein (E) is responsible for viral attachment and entry by membrane fusion. Its ectodomain is the primary target of the humoral immune response. In particular, the C-terminal Ig-like domain III of E, which is exposed at the surface of the viral particle, forms an attractive antigen for raising protective monoclonal antibodies(More)
The magnitude of intestinal parasitic infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients requires careful consideration in the developing world where poor nutrition is associated with poor hygiene and several tropical diseases. However, there have been very few studies addressing this issue in Cameroon. This study was conducted to determine the(More)
Having identified two recombinant filarial proteins (Ov27 and OvD5B) that induced patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells to produce antigen-specific IgG4/IgE antibodies in vitro, we assessed the role these filarial antigens play in inducing antigen-specific isotype switching (gamma 4 and epsilon) in the absence of T cells. Purified CD19+ s gamma-/s(More)
Monocytes and macrophages are target cells for dengue infection. Besides their potential role for virus replication, activated monocytes/macrophages produce cytokines that may be critical for dengue pathology. To study the in vivo role of monocytes and macrophages for virus replication, we depleted monocytes and macrophages in IFN-alphabetagammaR knockout(More)
A yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) expression system has been adapted to produce reagent quantities of a major Onchocerca antigen, Ov33. Using a pool of monoclonal antibodies produced against third-stage larvae, a cDNA library constructed from adult O. volvulus worms was screened. Twenty-seven cDNAs were isolated, two of which had sequence homology to Ov33,(More)
Sensitive, specific and low-cost diagnostic tests for onchocerciasis are indispensable for monitoring the efficacy of control programs, as well as for preventing blindness (when the tests are combined with efficacious chemotherapy. Three new tests to detect Onchocerca-specific antigens in tears, dermal fluid and urine employ antibodies to O.(More)
Genetic variants of the genes encoding Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) co-receptors and their ligands, like CC-Chemokine Receptor 5 delta 32 mutation (CCR5-Delta32), CCR5 promoter A/G (Adenine/Guanine), CC-Chemokine Receptor 2 mutation 64 isoleucine (CCR2-64I) and the Stromal cell-derived Factor 3’A mutation (SDF1-3’A), are involved in the(More)