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BACKGROUND Productive agriculture needs a large amount of expensive nitrogenous fertilizers. Improving nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of crop plants is thus of key importance. NUE definitions differ depending on whether plants are cultivated to produce biomass or grain yields. However, for most plant species, NUE mainly depends on how plants extract(More)
For the first time in Arabidopsis thaliana, this work proposes the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with leaf senescence and stress response symptoms such as yellowing and anthocyanin-associated redness. When Arabidopsis plants were cultivated under low nitrogen conditions, we observed that both yellowing of the old leaves of the(More)
Glutamate (Glu) metabolism and amino acid translocation were investigated in the young and old leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Xanthi) using [15N]ammonium and [2-15N]Glu tracers. Regardless of leaf age, [15N]ammonium assimilation occurred via glutamine synthetase (GS; EC 6.1.1.3) and Glu synthase (ferredoxin [Fd]-GOGAT; EC 1.4.7.1; NADH-GOGAT; EC(More)
Eighteen accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana were grown with low (N-) and high (N+) nitrogen supply. N uptake was monitored by feeding plants with 15N-enriched nutritive solution over 24 h. Biomass [fresh matter (FM) and dry matter (DM)], N concentration (N%), and 15N content were monitored and computed to determine the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and(More)
Glutamine synthetase (EC 6.3.1.2) is a key enzyme of ammonium assimilation and recycling in plants where it catalyses the synthesis of glutamine from ammonium and glutamate. In Arabidopsis, five GLN1 genes encode GS1 isoforms. GLN1;2 is the most highly expressed in leaves and is over-expressed in roots by ammonium supply and in rosettes by ample nitrate(More)
In tobacco, the two enzymes of nitrogen metabolism, cytosolic glutamine synthetase (GS1; E.C.6.3.1.2) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH; E.C.1.4.1.2), are induced during leaf senescence, whereas the chloroplastic glutamine synthetase (GS2; E.C.6.3.1.2) and nitrate reductase (NR; E.C.1.6.1.1) are repressed in the course of ageing. In this report, we showed in(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) seedlings were grown in the presence of cadmium. After 1 week of Cd treatment, a sharp decline in biomass accumulation in the leaves and roots was observed, together with a decrease in the rate of photosynthetic activity due to both Rubisco and chlorophyll degradation and stomata closure. Cadmium induced a significant(More)
Senescence and programmed cell death are important features for plant development. By allowing nutrient recycling and reallocation all along plant life, senescence contributes to the plant survival and the developmental program. This review first presents the concept of senescence in the global whole-plant life story, with an emphasis on the control exerted(More)
A major challenge of modern agriculture is to reduce the excessive input of fertilisers and, at the same time, to improve grain quality without affecting yield. One way to achieve this goal is to improve plant nitrogen economy through manipulating nitrogen recycling, and especially nitrogen remobilisation, from senescing plant organs. In this review, the(More)
Five recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), previously selected from the Bay-0 x Shahdara RIL population on the basis of differential leaf senescence phenotypes (from early senescing to late senescing) when cultivated under nitrogen (N)-limiting conditions, were analyzed to monitor metabolic markers related to N assimilation(More)