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We used a surface-based analysis of T2* relaxation rates at 7 T magnetic resonance imaging, which allows sampling quantitative T2* throughout the cortical width, to map in vivo the spatial distribution of intracortical pathology in multiple sclerosis. Ultra-high resolution quantitative T2* maps were obtained in 10 subjects with clinically isolated(More)
Severe cognitive impairment involving multiple cognitive domains can occur early during the course of multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated resting state functional connectivity changes in large-scale brain networks and related structural damage underlying cognitive dysfunction in patients with early MS. Patients with relapsing MS (3-5 years disease(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative in vivo imaging of myelin loss and repair in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is essential to understand the pathogenesis of the disease and to evaluate promyelinating therapies. Selectively binding myelin in the central nervous system white matter, [(11) C]PIB can be used as a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer to(More)
OBJECTIVE In multiple sclerosis (MS), using simultaneous magnetic resonance-positron emission tomography (MR-PET) imaging with 11 C-PBR28, we quantified expression of the 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO), a marker of activated microglia/macrophages, in cortex, cortical lesions, deep gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) lesions, and normal-appearing WM(More)
PURPOSE To investigate in vivo the spatial specificity of the interdependence between intracortical and white matter (WM) pathologic changes as function of cortical depth and distance from the cortex in multiple sclerosis (MS), and their independent contribution to physical and cognitive disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was institutional(More)
We report two cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Severe MS relapses occurred between four and five months after natalizumab discontinuation. After failure of immunomodulatory treatment, both patients were treated with fingolimod. The outcome was positive on clinical and MRI(More)
OBJECTIVES Using quantitative T2* 7-tesla (7T) MRI as a marker of demyelination and iron loss, we investigated, in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), spatial and tissue intrinsic characteristics of cortical lesion(s) (CL) types, and structural integrity of perilesional(More)
OBJECTIVE Using positron emission tomography (PET) with [(11) C]flumazenil ([(11) C]FMZ), an antagonist of the central benzodiazepine site located within the GABAA receptor, we quantified and mapped neuronal damage in the gray matter (GM) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) at distinct disease stages. We investigated the relationship between neuronal(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonists provide dramatic benefits to patients with inflammatory autoimmune diseases and are widely used in rheumatological disorders. However, this therapy is responsible for many immune-mediated side effects such as neurological central and peripheral demyelinating disorders [1]. Here, we report a patient who(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cognitive and behavioural symptoms are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but they are rarely the inaugural and predominant manifestation of the disease. Our objective is to characterize the clinical and radiological features of cognitive-multiple sclerosis (cog-MS), defined as MS subjects who entered into the disease with cognitive(More)