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Crumbs is an apical transmembrane protein crucial for epithelial morphogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster embryos. A protein with all the characteristics for a Crumbs homologue has been identified from patients suffering from retinitis pigmentosa group 12, but this protein (CRB1) is only expressed in retina and some parts of the brain, both in human and(More)
dCrumbs is an apical organizer crucial for the maintenance of epithelial polarity in Drosophila (1). It is known that dCrumbs interacts with Discs lost (Dlt), a protein with four PDZ (PSD95/Discs Large/ZO-1) domains (2), and Stardust (Sdt), a protein of the MAGUK (membrane-associated guanylate kinase) family (3, 4). We have searched for potential homologs(More)
Epithelial tissues maintain a robust architecture during development. This fundamental property relies on intercellular adhesion through the formation of adherens junctions containing E-cadherin molecules. Localization of E-cadherin is stabilized through a pathway involving the recruitment of actin filaments by E-cadherin. Here we identify an additional(More)
Degeneration of retina can have many causes and among the genes involved, CRB1 has been shown to be associated with Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) group 12 and Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), two dramatic pathologies in young patients. CRB1 belongs to a family of genes conserved from Caenorhabditis elegans to human. In Drosophila melanogaster, for example, crb(More)
Morphogenesis of epithelial tissues relies on the precise developmental control of cell polarity and architecture. In the early Drosophila embryo, the primary epithelium forms during cellularisation, following a tightly controlled genetic programme where specific sets of genes are upregulated. Some of them, for example, control membrane invagination between(More)
BACKGROUND Host innate immunity contributes to malaria clinical outcome by providing protective inflammatory cytokines such as interferon-gamma, and by shaping the adaptive immune response. Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) is the etiologic agent of the most severe forms of human malaria. Natural Killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that(More)
The formation of a belt-like junctional complex separating the apical from the lateral domain is an essential step in the differentiation of epithelial cells. Thus protein complexes regulating this event are of first importance for the development of cell polarity and physiological functions of epithelial tissues. In Drosophila, the discovery of a gene,(More)
Malaria, caused by the infection with parasites of the germs Plasmodium, is one of the three most important infectious diseases worldwide, along with tuberculosis and infection with human immunodeficiency virus. Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes classically involved in the early defense against viral infections and intracytoplasmic bacterial(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system able to recognize and kill tumors lacking self-MHC class I molecules. This "missing-self" recognition is mediated by the lack of engagement of MHC class I-specific inhibitory NK cell receptors that include the killer cell Ig-like receptors (KIR) in humans and Ly49 molecules in mice. A(More)
Episodic ataxia type-2 (EA2) is a dominantly inherited human neurological disorder caused by loss of function mutations in the CACNA1A gene, which encodes the CaV2.1 subunit of P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channels. It remains however unknown whether the deficit of cerebellar CaV2.1 in adult is in direct link with the disease. To address this issue, we(More)