Céline Fournier

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Chronic hepatitis is accompanied by progressive deposit of hepatic fibrosis, which may lead to cirrhosis. Evaluation of liver fibrosis is, thus, of great clinical interest and, up to now, has been assessed with liver biopsy. This work aims to evaluate a new noninvasive device to quantify liver fibrosis: the shear elasticity probe or fibroscan. This device(More)
OBJECTIVE Transient elastography (FibroScan) is a novel, noninvasive, rapid bedside method to assess liver fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness in adult patients. The usefulness of FibroScan in children with chronic liver diseases is unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility of liver stiffness measurement and to compare(More)
To assess liver steatosis, the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP; giving an estimate of ultrasound attenuation ∼3.5 MHz) is available with the M probe of the FibroScan. We report on the adaptation of the CAP for the FibroScan XL probe (center frequency 2.5 MHz) without modifying the range of values (100-400 dB/m). CAP validation was successfully(More)
Ultrasonic techniques were developed for quantitative in vivo analysis of skin composition based on measurements of apparent integrated backscatter (IBS) and its frequency dependence (n) between 12.5 and 25 MHz. Parameters were measured at five depths in healthy dermis of the midforearm of 29 volunteers (13 women, 16 men, 20 to 76 years old) on three(More)
This ex vivo study explores the relationship of ultrasonic attenuation and backscatter to dermal microarchitecture by comparing ultrasonic measurements of these parameters (11-27 MHz) to a microscopic analysis of three parameters describing the collagen distribution (mean thickness and spacing of collagen bundles along the insonification direction and the(More)
In vivo skin attenuation estimators must be applicable to backscattered radio frequency signals obtained in a pulse-echo configuration. This work compares three such estimators: short-time Fourier multinarrowband (MNB), short-time Fourier centroid shift (FC), and autoregressive centroid shift (ARC). All provide estimations of the attenuation slope (beta, dB(More)
We read with interest the article by Petta and colleagues. The potential impact of hepatic steatosis on the interpretation of transient elastography findings is an important clinical issue, and we congratulate Petta and colleagues for performing this analysis in a large cohort of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. However, there are certain(More)
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