Céline Filippi

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Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are a valuable source of pluripotential primary cells. To date, however, their homogeneous cellular differentiation to specific cell types in vitro has proven difficult. Wnt signaling has been shown to play important roles in coordinating development, and we demonstrate that Wnt3a is differentially expressed at critical(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is still debate about the relationship between fat accumulation and mitochondrial function in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. It is a critical question as only a small proportion of individuals with steatosis progress to steatohepatitis. In this study, we focused on defining (i) the effects of triglyceride accumulation and reactive(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is hampered by the lack of a suitable model. Our aim was to investigate whether long term high saturated-fat feeding would induce NASH in rats. METHODS 21 day-old rats fed high fat diets for 14 weeks, with either coconut oil or butter, and were compared with rats feeding a standard diet or a(More)
Pluripotent stem cells are derived from the inner cell mass of preimplantation embryos, and display the ability of the embryonic founder cells by forming all three germ lineages in vitro. It is well established that the cellular niche plays an important role in stem cell maintenance and differentiation. Stem cells generally have limited function without the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The use of cell lines in bioartificial liver support systems (BALSS) to treat fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is hindered by their reduced metabolic functions, which could be further decreased by the patient's serum/plasma. Hence, the aim of this study was to (i) test the effect of the FHF serum on C3A cell metabolism; (ii) precondition the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanomaterials (NMs) are used in many consumer products, including foodstuffs. Ingested and inhaled NM can reach the liver. Whilst their effects on inflammation, cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and mitochondrial function have been explored, no work has been reported on their impact on liver(More)
1 Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University of Edinburgh and Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK 2 Department of Hepatology, University of Edinburgh and Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK 3 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Edinburgh and Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK 4 The Scottish Metabolomics(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) deficiency is common in patients with alcoholic liver disease. The suitability of reversing such deficiency remains controversial. The aim was to investigate the role played by PUFA deficiency in the occurrence of alcohol-related mitochondrial dysfunction. METHODS Wistar rats were fed either a control(More)
BACKGROUND The development of effective therapies for acute liver failure (ALF) is limited by our knowledge of the pathophysiology of this condition, and the lack of suitable large animal models of acetaminophen toxicity. Our aim was to develop a reproducible invasively-monitored porcine model of acetaminophen-induced ALF. METHOD 35kg pigs were maintained(More)
Primary human hepatocytes are a scarce resource with variable function which diminishes with time in culture. As a consequence their use in tissue modelling and therapy is restricted. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) could provide a stable source of human tissue due to their properties of self-renewal and their ability to give rise to all three germ(More)
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