OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the course of alexithymia and its relation with anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), over a period of 5 years. METHODS Sixty-two MS patients were examined at two timepoints, 5 years apart, and they answered questionnaires collecting socio-demographic, medical, and psychological… (More)
INTRODUCTION Cannabis is the most consumed drug in the world particularly in young adults. Few reports have suggested a causal role of cannabis in the development of cerebral or cardiovascular events. We describe the first association of myocardial infarction and stroke after heavy cannabis consumption in a 45-year-old woman. OBSERVATION Stroke occurred… (More)
Rabbit kidney cortex slices behave as osmometers when withstanding either hyperosmotic shocks or hypo-osmotic shocks of amplitude up to P1/P2 = 1.25. For hypo-osmotic shocks of amplitude larger or equal to P1/P2 = 1.5 a volume regulation process occurs. Na+ is the main osmotic effector implicated in volume control.
Rabbit kidney cortex slices behave an osmometers when withstanding hyperosmotic or hyposmotic shocks of amplitude up to pi 1/pi 2 = 1.25. For hyposmotic shocks of amplitude larger than or equal to pi 1/pi 2 = 1.50, the maximum swelling achieved is less than what can be expected on the basis of the van't Hoff relation, thereby indicating that a volume… (More)
The volume regulation process at work in rabbit kidney cortex slices submitted to hypo-osmotic media show both a swelling limitation and a volume readjustment phase. Swelling limitation is Na+ dependent and is blocked by ouabain 10(-3) M. There is, however, no need to implicate the activity of a ouabain sensitive Na+ /K+ pump in this process.