Céline Défilles

Learn More
Here, we report the purification and characterization of an acidic Asp49 phospholipase A2, named MVL-PLA2, with a molecular mass of 13,626.64 Da. The complete MVL-PLA2 cDNA was cloned from Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom gland cDNA library. MVL-PLA2 possesses 122 amino acid residues, including 14 cysteines, and belongs to group II snake venom(More)
Integrins are essential protagonists of the complex multi-step process of angiogenesis that has now become a major target for the development of anticancer therapies. We recently reported and characterized that MVL-PLA2, a novel phospholipase A2 from Macrovipera lebetina venom, exhibited anti-integrin activity. In this study, we show that MVL-PLA2 also(More)
Germline aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene mutations confer a predisposition to pituitary adenoma (PA), predominantly GH-secreting (GH-PA). As recent data suggest a role for AIP in the pathogenesis of sporadic GH-PA and their response to somatostatin analogues (SSA), the expression of AIP and its partner, aryl hydrocarbon receptor(More)
Crosstalk between integrins is involved in the regulation of various cell functions including cell migration. Here we identify the interplay between the integrins alphavbeta5/beta6 and alpha2beta1 during cell migration toward type I collagen. Human colon cancer cell lines HT29-D4 and SW480 were used as cell models. To improve our understanding of the(More)
Fagot and Paleressompoulle [Fagot and Paleressompoulle (2009) Behav Res Methods 41: 396-404] described a new automated learning device for monkeys (ALDM) to test the cognitive functions of nonhuman primates within their social groups. However, the impact of the ALDM procedure on animal well-being needs to be investigated. The present study assessed the(More)
Pegvisomant (PEG), an antagonist of growth hormone (GH)-receptor (GHR), normalizes insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) oversecretion in most acromegalic patients unresponsive to somatostatin analogs (SSAs) and/or uncontrolled by transsphenoidal surgery. The residual GH-secreting tumor is therefore exposed to the action of circulating PEG. However, the(More)
OBJECTIVE As prolactinomas fail to respond to dopamine agonist (DA) in 10-20% of cases, we hypothesized that somatostatin subtype 2 receptor (sst2) overexpression in DA-resistant prolactinomas may enhance suppression of prolactine (PRL) using chimeric agonist (dopastatin) that simultaneously binds sst2 and the dopamine subtype 2 receptor (D2DR). DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Previous studies have reported that cross-talk between integrins may be an important regulator of integrin-ligand binding and subsequent signalling events that control a variety of cell functions in many tissues. We previously demonstrated that αvβ5/β6 integrin represses α2β1-dependent cell migration. The αv subunits undergo an(More)
Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA; gonadotroph derived), even not inducing hormonal hypersecretion, cause significant morbidity by compression neighboring structures. No effective and specific medical methods are available so far for treating these tumors. The pituitary homeobox 2 (PITX2) gene is a member of the bicoid-like homeobox transcription(More)
Treatment for recurrent and aggressive meningiomas remains an unmet medical need in neuro-oncology, and chemotherapy exhibits limited clinical activity, if any. Merlin expression, encoded by the NF2 gene, is lost in a majority of meningiomas, and merlin is a negative regulator of mTORC1. The sst2 somatostatin receptor, targeted by octreotide, is highly(More)