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DNA damage signaling and repair take place in a chromatin context. Consequently, chromatin-modifying enzymes, including adenosine triphosphate-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes, play an important role in the management of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we show that the p400 ATPase is required for DNA repair by homologous recombination (HR).(More)
Chromatin modifications and chromatin-modifying enzymes are believed to play a major role in the process of DNA repair. The histone acetyl transferase Tip60 is physically recruited to DNA DSBs (double-strand breaks) where it mediates histone acetylation. In the present study, we show, using a reporter system in mammalian cells, that Tip60 expression is(More)
During differentiation, thousands of genes are repositioned toward or away from the nuclear envelope. These movements correlate with changes in transcription and replication timing. Using synthetic (TALE) transcription factors, we found that transcriptional activation of endogenous genes by a viral trans-activator is sufficient to induce gene repositioning(More)
In mammalian cells, DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) can be repaired by 2 main pathways, homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). To give access to DNA damage to the repair machinery the chromatin structure needs to be relaxed, and chromatin modifications play major roles in the control of these processes. Among the chromatin(More)
Cancer progression is associated with epigenetic alterations, such as changes in DNA methylation, histone modifications or variants incorporation. The p400 ATPase, which can incorporate the H2A.Z variant, and the Tip60 histone acetyltransferase are interacting chromatin-modifying proteins crucial for the control of cell proliferation. We demonstrate here(More)
The p400 E1A-associated protein, which mediates H2A.Z incorporation at specific promoters, plays a major role in cell fate decisions: it promotes cell cycle progression and inhibits induction of apoptosis or senescence. Here, we show that p400 expression is required for the correct control of ROS metabolism. Depletion of p400 indeed increases intracellular(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of the management and repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) rely on the study of targeted DSBs that have been induced in living cells by the controlled activity of site-specific endonucleases, usually recombinant restriction enzymes. Here we describe a protocol for quantifying these endonuclease-induced DSBs; this(More)
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