Céline Cougoule

Learn More
Leukocytes migrate through most tissues in the body, a process which takes place in 3D environments. We have previously shown that macrophages use the amoeboid migration mode in porous matrices such as fibrillar collagen I and the mesenchymal mode involving podosomes and matrix proteolysis in dense matrices such as Matrigel. Whether such a plasticity may(More)
The macrophage mannose receptor (MR) appears to play an important role in the binding and phagocytosis of several human pathogens, but its phagocytic property and signaling pathways have been poorly defined. The general strategy to explore such topics is to express the protein of interest in nonphagocytic cells, but in the case of MR, there are few reports(More)
A key strategy in microbial pathogenesis is the subversion of the first line of cellular immune defences presented by professional phagocytes. Enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC respectively) remain extracellular while colonizing the gut mucosa by attaching and effacing mechanism. EPEC use the type three secretion system(More)
Macrophage tissue infiltration is a hallmark of several pathological situations including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders and chronic inflammation. Hence, deciphering the mechanisms of macrophage migration across a variety of tissues holds great potential for novel anti-inflammatory therapies. Leukocytes have long been thought to migrate through tissues(More)
Tissue infiltration of phagocytes exacerbates several human pathologies including chronic inflammations or cancers. However, the mechanisms involved in macrophage migration through interstitial tissues are poorly understood. We investigated the role of Hck, a Src-family kinase involved in the organization of matrix adhesion and degradation structures called(More)
EspF of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli targets mitochondria and subverts a number of cellular functions. EspF consists of six putative Src homology 3 (SH3) domain binding motifs. In this study we identified sorting nexin 9 (SNX9) as a host cell EspF binding partner protein, which binds EspF via its amino-terminal SH3 region. Coimmunoprecipitation and(More)
The adaptor AP2 is a heterotetrameric complex that associates with clathrin and regulatory proteins to mediate rapid endocytosis from the plasma membrane. Here, we report the identification of the mitotic checkpoint kinase BubR1 as a novel binding partner of beta2-adaptin, one of the AP2 large subunits. Using two-hybrid experiments and in vitro binding(More)
In macrophages, lysosomes are suspected to have a heterogenous population of vesicles. This study was thus undertaken to identify and to characterize lysosomal compartments in human macrophages. Hck is a Src-family tyrosine kinase associated with secretory lysosomes in neutrophils and with cytoplasmic vesicles in macrophages that fuse with phagosomes. We(More)
Rho-family proteins play a central role in most actin-dependent processes, including the control and maintenance of cell shape, adhesion, motility, and phagocytosis. Activation of these GTP-binding proteins is tightly regulated spatially and temporally; however, very little is known of the mechanisms involved in their recruitment and activation in vivo.(More)
Hck is a protein kinase of the Src family specifically expressed in phagocytes as two isoforms, p59Hck and p61Hck, localized at the plasma membrane and lysosomes, respectively. Their individual involvement in functions ascribed to Hck, phagocytosis, cell migration, and lysosome mobilization, is still unclarified. To investigate the specific role of p59Hck,(More)