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Analogues of (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-4-yl)-2-morpholino-4H-chromen-4-one (NU7441), a potent inhibitor of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK; IC50 = 42 ± 2 nM), have been synthesized in which water-solubilizing groups [NHCO(CH₂)nNR¹R², where n = 1 or 2 and the moiety R¹R²N was derived from a library of primary and secondary amines, e.g., morpholine] were(More)
Substitution at the 7-position of the chromen-4-one pharmacophore of 8-(dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-4-yl)-2-morpholino-4H-chromen-4-one NU7441, a potent and selective DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) inhibitor, with allyl, n-propyl or methyl enabled the resolution by chiral HPLC of atropisomers. Biological evaluation against DNA-PK of each pair of(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) are the most cytotoxic lesions induced by topoisomerase II poisons. Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is a major pathway for DSB repair and requires DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) activity. DNA-PK catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) is structurally similar to PI-3K, which promotes cell survival and proliferation and is(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of DNA repair is emerging as a new therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. One promising target is DNA-PK, a pivotal kinase in double-strand break repair. The purpose of this study was to further characterise the activity of the DNA-PK inhibitor NU7441, giving some new insights into the biology of DNA-PK. METHODS We used NU7441, a(More)
Introduction of an O-alkoxyphenyl substituent at the 8-position of the 2-morpholino-4H-chromen-4-one pharmacophore enabled regions of the ATP-binding site of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) to be probed further. Structure-activity relationships have been elucidated for inhibition of DNA-PK and PI3K (p110α), with(More)
BACKGROUND The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/mTOR) pathway is commonly deregulated in human cancer, hence many PI3K and mTOR inhibitors have been developed and have now reached clinical trials. Similarly, CDKs have been investigated as cancer drug targets. METHODS We have synthesised and characterised a series of(More)
The ribosomal P70 S6 kinases play a crucial role in PI3K/mTOR regulated signalling pathways and are therefore potential targets for the treatment of a variety of diseases including diabetes and cancer. In this study we describe the identification of three series of chemically distinct S6K1 inhibitors. In addition, we report a novel PKA-S6K1 chimeric protein(More)
Following the discovery of dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-4-yl)-2-morpholino-4H-chromen-4-one (NU7441) ( Leahy , J. J. J. ; Golding , B. T. ; Griffin , R. J. ; Hardcastle , I. R. ; Richardson , C. ; Rigoreau , L. ; Smith , G. C. M. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2004 , 14 , 6083 - 6087) as a potent inhibitor (IC₅₀ = 30 nM) of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), we have(More)
Recent studies have shown that irreversible inhibition of Nek2 kinase [(Never in mitosis gene a)-related kinase 2], overexpression of which is observed in several cancers, can be achieved using Michael acceptors containing an ethynyl group, which target the enzyme's cysteine 22 residue lying near the catalytic site. The model studies described herein(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of libraries of 8-biarylchromen-4-ones enabled the elucidation of structure-activity relationships for inhibition of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), with 8-(3-(thiophen-2-yl)phenyl)chromen-4-one and 8-(3-(thiophen-3-yl)phenyl)chromen-4-one being especially potent inhibitors.