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Within the past few years, there has been a significant change in identifying and characterizing the FMR1 premutation associated phenotypes. The premutation has been associated with elevated FMR1 mRNA levels and slight to moderate reductions in FMRP levels. Furthermore, it has been established that approximately 20% of female premutation carriers present(More)
Familial benign hematuria (FBH) is a common autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of persistent or recurrent hematuria. The clinical and pathologic features of this syndrome resemble those of early Alport syndrome (AS), and for this reason a common molecular defect has been proposed. The COL4A3/4 genes seem to be involved in both(More)
BACKGROUND To study the sonographic pattern of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) in early adulthood in order to identify imaging criteria to diagnose this disease and to distinguish between recessive and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in that age group. METHODS An abdominal ultrasound was performed on four ARPKD(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is genetically heterogeneous, with at least three chromosomal loci accounting for the disease. Mutations in the PKD2 gene on the long arm of chromosome 4 are expected to be responsible for approximately 15% of cases of ADPKD. METHODS We report a systematic screening for mutations covering the(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between FMR1 premutation and ovarian dysfunction has been widely studied, and many factors such as the repeat tract size, the sequence organization of the CGG repeat tract, the parental origin of the premutation, and the FMR1 mRNA levels have been examined. X-chromosome inactivation has also been studied as a risk factor, but the(More)
Hearing loss involves both genetic and environmental factors. A mutation (A1555G) in the mtDNA has been associated with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic sensorineural deafness. The pathological significance of this mutation in Caucasoid families has not been established, and its relationship with antibiotic treatment is not well understood. We(More)
BACKGROUND Alport's syndrome (AS) is a genetically heterogeneous renal hereditary disease. Mutations in collagen type IV genes have been described to be responsible for X-linked (COL4A5), autosomal recessive, and autosomal dominant AS (COL4A3/COL4A4). Moreover, at least 40% of benign familial hematuria (BFH) cases cosegregate with the COL4A3/COL4A4 loci,(More)
Pancreatic cysts are an uncommon extrarenal clinical feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The prevalence of pancreatic cysts, sonographically assessed in ADPKD and in the different typs of ADPKD (PKD1 and PKD2) has not been reported. We have studied 173 ADPKD patients and 160 non-affected family members and found a prevalence of(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is genetically heterogeneous, with at least three chromosomal loci (PKD1, PKD2, and PKD3) that account for the disease. Mutations in the PKD2 gene, on the long arm of chromosome 4, are expected to be responsible for approximately 15% of cases of ADPKD. Although ADPKD is a systemic disease, it shows a(More)