Cédric Matthews

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Early environment exerts profound effects on mammalian behavioral and neural development. The aim of this study was to describe changes in adult neurochemistry in the rat following repeated neonatal maternal separation (RMS) during the preweaning period, a procedure known to induce enduring behavioral effects. Following RMS, rats show an attenuated(More)
Integrins play a key role in regulating endothelial cell survival, migration and differentiated function during angiogenic blood-vessel remodeling. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a multidomain protein that interacts with the cytoplasmic tail of integrin beta subunits and is thought to participate in integrin-mediated signal transduction. We report here(More)
Pentobarbital and alpha-chloralose are widely used for experimental anesthesia, but their direct electrophysiological actions at anesthetic concentrations are unknown. Trough and peak concentrations measured by high-performance liquid chromatography averaged 27 +/- 3 and 45 +/- 13 mg/l (means +/- SD) for pentobarbital and 41 +/- 15 and 103 +/- 13 mg/l for(More)
1. The absorption changes associated with the formation of P+QBred (QBred stands for the semiquinone state of the secondary quinone acceptor) were investigated in chromatophores of Rhodobacter capsulatus. Marked modifications of the semiquinone spectrum were observed when the pH was lowered from 7 to 5. These modifications match those expected for a(More)
In the fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum from skeletal muscle of rabbits with experimental uremia, defective calcium ion transport is found. An impairment of all parameters is observed (initial rate of uptake, storing capacity with and without oxalate, and concentrating ability). In vivo administration of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-(OH)2-vitamin(More)
In uremia, the membrane composition of the SR is altered: the ATPase carrier complex decreases, the phosphatide, but not the cholesterol content of the membranes decreases and the fatty acid pattern changes. All these lipid changes are known to affect the kinetic properties of lipoprotein enzymes (6, 7, 8). In uremia the altered lipoprotein interactions of(More)
A simple ultrasonic method was used for measuring transplanted kidney volume in 29 patients. Five of these patients developed diabetes mellitus and six women became pregnant following transplantation. Serial measurements were performed over periods of 6-12 months after transplantation. The kidney volume became stable 6 months after transplantation and this(More)
The singular and combined effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] and PTH on bone were evaluated in a long term in vivo study in dogs. Dogs were rendered deficient in 1,25-(OH)2D and PTH by five sixths nephrectomy and parathyroidectomy. A control group was sham operated. Various combinations in status of 1,25-(OH)2D and PTH were produced by daily(More)
Linkage disequilibrium (LD) methods offer great promise for mapping complex traits, but have thus far been applied sparingly. In this paper we describe an LD mapping study of severe bipolar disorder (BP-I) in the genetically isolated population of the Central Valley of Costa Rica. This study provides the first complete screen of a chromosome for a complex(More)
Sotalol is unique among beta-adrenergic blocking drugs in possessing significant class III antiarrhythmic actions. The present study was designed to assess the relative concentration dependence of beta-blocking and class III actions of sotalol and to relate the findings to concentrations achieved during oral sotalol therapy in humans. Measurements were made(More)