Cédric Leyrat

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The phosphoprotein (P) of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) interacts with nascent nucleoprotein (N), forming the N(0)-P complex that is indispensable for the correct encapsidation of newly synthesized viral RNA genome. In this complex, the N-terminal region (P(NTR)) of P prevents N from binding to cellular RNA and keeps it available for encapsidating viral(More)
Replication of non-segmented negative-strand RNA viruses requires the continuous supply of the nucleoprotein (N) in the form of a complex with the phosphoprotein (P). Here, we present the structural characterization of a soluble, heterodimeric complex between a variant of vesicular stomatitis virus N lacking its 21 N-terminal residues (N(Δ21)) and a peptide(More)
Caveolae are invaginated plasma membrane domains involved in mechanosensing, signaling, endocytosis, and membrane homeostasis. Oligomers of membrane-embedded caveolins and peripherally attached cavins form the caveolar coat whose structure has remained elusive. Here, purified Cavin1 60S complexes were analyzed structurally in solution and after liposome(More)
In rabies virus, the attachment of the L polymerase (L) to the viral nucleocapsids (NCs)-a nucleoprotein (N)-RNA complex that serves as template for RNA transcription and replication-is mediated by the polymerase cofactor, the phosphoprotein (P). P forms dimers (P(2)) that bind through their C-terminal domains (P(CTD)) to the C-terminal region of the N.(More)
Non-segmented, (-)RNA viruses cause serious human diseases. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV), an emerging pathogen of this order of viruses (Mononegavirales) is one of the main causes of respiratory tract illness in children. To help elucidate the assembly mechanism of the nucleocapsid (the viral RNA genome packaged by the nucleoprotein N) we present(More)
The matrix protein (M) of paramyxoviruses plays a key role in determining virion morphology by directing viral assembly and budding. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human metapneumovirus M at 2.8 Å resolution in its native dimeric state. The structure reveals the presence of a high-affinity Ca²⁺ binding site. Molecular dynamics simulations(More)
Nucleocapsid assembly is an essential process in the replication of the non-segmented, negative-sense RNA viruses (NNVs). Unassembled nucleoprotein (N(0)) is maintained in an RNA-free and monomeric form by its viral chaperone, the phosphoprotein (P), forming the N(0)-P complex. Our earlier work solved the structure of vesicular stomatitis virus complex(More)
A phosphoprotein (P) is found in all viruses of the Mononegavirales order. These proteins form homo-oligomers, fulfil similar roles in the replication cycles of the various viruses, but differ in their length and oligomerization state. Sequence alignments reveal no sequence similarity among proteins from viruses belonging to the same family. Sequence(More)
The 5'-untranslated region of the hepatitis C virus genome contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) that initiates cap-independent translation of the viral RNA. Until now, the structural characterization of the entire (IRES) remained limited to cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of the (IRES) bound to different cellular partners. Here we report(More)
The phosphoprotein (P) is an essential component of the viral replication machinery of non-segmented negative-strand RNA viruses, connecting the viral polymerase to its nucleoprotein-RNA template and acting as a chaperone of the nucleoprotein by preventing nonspecific encapsidation of cellular RNAs. The phosphoprotein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)(More)