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One proposed mechanism of aluminum (Al) tolerance in plants is the release of an Al-chelating compound into the rhizosphere. In this experiment, two cultivars of snapbeans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. "Romano" and "Dade") that differ in Al tolerance were grown hydroponically with and without Al under aseptic conditions. After growth in nutrient solutions for 8(More)
Control of rhizosphere pH and exclusion of Al by the plasma membrane have been hypothesized as possible mechanisms for Al tolerance. To test primarily the rhizosphere pH hypothesis, wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L. ;Atlas 66' and ;Scout'), which differ in Al tolerance, were grown in either complete nutrient solution, or 0.6 millimolar CaSO(4), with and(More)
In this paper, a modification of the diffusion model for room acoustics is proposed to account for sound transmission between two rooms, a source room and an adjacent room, which are coupled through a partition wall. A system of two diffusion equations, one for each room, together with a set of two boundary conditions, one for the partition wall and one for(More)
This paper presents an extension of a diffusion model for room acoustics to handle the atmospheric attenuation. This phenomenon is critical at high frequencies and in large rooms to obtain correct acoustic predictions. An additional term is introduced in the diffusion equation as well as in the diffusion constant, in order to take the atmospheric(More)
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been used to analyze root surface changes when Dayton barley (Hordeum vulgare) (Al tolerant) and Kearney barley (Al sensitive) seedlings were grown in nutrient solution in the presence and absence of 37.0 micromolar Al. The electron spectra from root surfaces contained strong lines in order of decreasing intensity(More)
Aluminum toxicity limits root growth in acid subsoils that are difficult to lime. An alternative to subsoil liming is the development of plants having greater tolerance to Al. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is considered an Al-susceptible species. Preliminary studies indicated that alfalfa cultivars differ in Al tolerance, but the extreme plant-to-plant(More)
Claypans restrict rooting depth and availability of moisture and nutrients to plants during periods of drought. Eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides [L.] L.) often remains green during summer droughts, while other plants turn brown. Questions arose whether eastern gamagrass roots had or could penetrate claypans to obtain needed(More)
In growth chambers, low pressure sodium (LPS) plus incandescent (Inc) lamps and fluorescent cool-white (FCW) plus Inc lamps were used to determine their effects on growth of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and on the reduction of Fe(3+) to Fe(2+). Cotton plants grown under LPS + Inc light developed chlorosis and grew poorly, whereas plants grown under FCW +(More)
Crop production depends on interactions among genetic potentials of plants and various stress factors in the environment. Mineral stresses in the form of toxicity or deficiency are not always economically correctable with current technology. But plant species, and genotypes within species, differ widely in tolerance to different mineral stresses, and some(More)