Cédric Arvieux

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The diagnosis of a prosthetic joint infection is difficult, but crucial for appropriate treatment. Scintigraphy with specific markers for infection (labelled white cells or immunoglobulin-G) has been reported as a more reliable diagnostic tool than clinical assessment (fever, fistula), laboratory studies (polynuclear neutrophil count, erythrocyte rate(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the characteristics of opportunistic infections in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). DESIGN AND METHODS A retrospective study performed in seven hospitals, included all patients starting treatment by ritonavir or indinavir between 26 March and 31 December 1996. Patients were evaluated for the(More)
Staphylococcus spp. causes more than half of all osteoarticular infections of native structures or implanted material. The ability of Staphylococcus spp. to persist within infected bone tissue and to produce a bacterial biofilm, most notably in infections of implanted material, can lead to treatment failures and microbiological relapses. Rifampin is a(More)
five of the patients with watery chronic diarrhea (one patient died), improved within 10 days of treatment. In Dakar, during the study describing ordinary and opportunistic enteropathogens associated with diarrhea in adults (5), stool samples were collected from five HIV-infected adults with watery chronic diarrhea. In all cases, heavy K. pneumoniae growth(More)
TO THE EDITOR—We read with much interest the recent study of Hamada et al on the incidence of renal stones among human immunodeficiency virus–infected patients on ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV/r) [1]. Although their study was limited by its design (retrospective monocentric), the authors convincingly demonstrated that ATV/r use is a strong and(More)
Monocyte deactivation has been identified as a major factor of immunosuppression in sepsis and is associated with a loss of surface human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) expression on circulating monocytes. Using flow cytometry, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we investigated this phenomenon in septic patients. We confirmed the(More)
We studied the activities of the new fluoroquinolones clinafloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, and sparfloxacin alone or in combination on the intracellular growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Against intracellular growth of the four strains tested, a similar reduction of the bacterial count was obtained with clinafloxacin at the dose of 10 x MIC (delta log10(More)
Fourteen human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving an atazanavir (ATV)-based antiretroviral regimen developed complicated cholelithiasis. ATV was found in biliary calculi in 8 of 11 cases: infrared spectrometry analysis of calculi revealed that ATV made up a median of 89% (range, 10%-100%) of the total calculus composition. Development(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal management of eumycetoma, a severely debilitating chronic progressive fungal infection of skin, disseminating to bone and viscera, remains challenging. Especially, optimal antifungal treatment and duration are ill defined. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We conducted a monocentric retrospective study of 11 imported cases of eumycetoma(More)
Leptospirosis has a highly variable clinical presentation, which may be related to different infecting serovars, host factors, or a combination of these. This study investigated retrospectively 34 consecutive patients with serologically confirmed leptospirosis admitted during the period 1992-2002. On admission, the most frequent symptoms were fever (100%),(More)