Cécilie Dufour

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Genetic mutations of Twist, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, induce premature fusion of cranial sutures in Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS). We report here a previously undescribed mechanism involved in the altered osteoblastogenesis in SCS. Cranial osteoblasts from an SCS patient with a Twist mutation causing basic helix-loop-helix deletion(More)
Apoptosis is increasingly implicated as an early line of defense against viral infections. Viruses have devised numerous strategies to delay apoptosis of infected cells. Many viruses encode cell death suppressors that target mitochondrial apoptotic signaling pathway, indicating the importance of this pathway in the anti-viral response. Human and primate(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an autosomal dominant genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by a partial penetrance and variable expressivity. Previous studies showed that the extent of hypertrophy is influenced by the angiotensin I converting enzyme insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism. Recently, molecular genetic analysis revealed the(More)
Loss of mechanical loading induces rapid bone loss resulting from reduced osteoblastogenesis and decreased bone formation. The signaling mechanisms involved in this deleterious effect on skeletal metabolism remain poorly understood. We have previously shown that hindlimb suspension in rats increases osteoblast apoptosis associated with decreased(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is characterized by idiopathic myocardial hypertrophy, which often and predominantly involves the interventricular septum. The disease is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait, and its major risk is sudden death. It was recently demonstrated that this disease is genetically heterogeneous and that in 13 of 18(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a cardiac disorder transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. FHC has been shown to be genetically heterogeneous with less than 50% of published pedigrees being associated with mutations in the beta myosin heavy chain (beta-MHC) gene on chromosome 14q11-q12. A second locus has recently been reported on(More)
The mechanisms underlying the altered osteoblastogenesis and bone loss in response to disuse are incompletely understood. Using the rat tail suspension model, we studied the effect of skeletal unloading on osteoblast and osteocyte apoptosis. Tail suspension for 2 to 7 days decreased tibial bone mass and induced early apoptotic loss of osteoblasts and(More)
Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling plays an important role in skeletogenesis. The molecular mechanisms triggered by activated FGFR in bone forming cells are however not fully understood. In this study, we identify a role for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling in cell apoptosis induced by FGFR2 activation in osteoblasts. We show(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. The first identified disease gene, located on chromosome 14q11-q12, encodes the beta-myosin heavy chain. We have performed linkage analysis of two French FHC pedigrees, 720 and 730, with two microsatellite markers located in the beta-myosin heavy chain gene(More)