Cécilia Chassin

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Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin (ET) is a potent pore-forming cytotoxin causing fatal enterotoxemia in livestock. ET accumulates in brain and kidney, particularly in the renal distal-collecting ducts. ET binds and oligomerizes in detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) microdomains and causes cell death. However, the causal linkage between membrane(More)
After birth, the intestinal mucosa undergoes a dramatic transition from a sterile protected site to an environmentally exposed and permanently colonized surface. The mechanisms that facilitate this transition are ill defined. Here, we demonstrate that microRNA-146a-mediated translational repression and proteolytic degradation of the essential Toll-like(More)
The fine control of NaCl absorption regulated by hormones takes place in the distal nephron of the kidney. In collecting duct principal cells, the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) mediates the apical entry of Na+, which is extruded by the basolateral Na+,K+-ATPase. Simian virus 40-transformed and “transimmortalized” collecting duct cell lines, derived from(More)
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) and acute pyelonephritis (APN) often occur after renal transplantation, but their impact on graft outcome is unclear. One hundred and seventy-seven consecutive renal transplantations were investigated to evaluate the impact of UTIs and APN on graft function. The cumulative incidence of UTIs was 75.1% and that of APN was(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury causes inflammation and tissue damage and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Uncontrolled activation of the innate immune system through toll-like receptors (Tlr) plays a key role in I/R-mediated tissue damage but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully resolved. Here, we identify(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the most frequent causes of urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis. Renal medullary collecting duct (MCD) cells are the intrarenal site to which UPEC strains prefer to adhere and initiate an inflammatory response, but the ability of UPEC strains to translocate across impermeant MCD cells has not been(More)
The epithelium efficiently attracts immune cells upon infection despite the low number of pathogenic microbes and moderate levels of secreted chemokines per cell. Here we examined whether horizontal intercellular communication between cells may contribute to a coordinated response of the epithelium. Listeria monocytogenes infection, transfection, and(More)
Although Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signals from the cell surface of myeloid cells, it is restricted to an intracellular compartment and requires ligand internalization in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Yet, the functional consequence of cell-type specific receptor localization and uptake-dependent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition is unknown. Here,(More)
Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are mainly due to uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), occur via the retrograde ascent of the bacteria along the urinary tract system. The adhesion and invasion mechanisms of UPEC have been extensively studied in bladder epithelial cells, but less is known about the role of renal tubule epithelial cells (RTEC) in(More)
The epithelial cells that line the renal tubule are sometimes severely injured in the course of inflammatory kidney diseases. These renal tubule epithelial cells (RTECs) express some of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) of the innate immune system. A number of studies have implicated RTECs, together with bone marrow-derived cells, in triggering an innate(More)