Cécile Voisset

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Because of the lack of a robust cell culture system, relatively little is known about the molecular details of the cell entry mechanism for hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recently, we described infectious HCV pseudo-particles (HCVpp) that were generated by incorporating unmodified HCV E1E2 glycoproteins into the membrane of retroviral core particles. These(More)
The scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) has recently been shown to interact with hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope glycoprotein E2, suggesting that it might be involved at some step of HCV entry into host cells. However, due to the absence of a cell culture system to efficiently amplify HCV, it is not clear how SR-BI contributes to HCV entry. Here, we(More)
Retroviruses are an important group of pathogens that cause a variety of diseases in humans and animals. Four human retroviruses are currently known, including human immunodeficiency virus type 1, which causes AIDS, and human T-lymphotropic virus type 1, which causes cancer and inflammatory disease. For many years, there have been sporadic reports of(More)
Due to the recent development of a cell culture model, hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently propagated in cell culture. This allowed us to reinvestigate the subcellular localization of HCV structural proteins in the context of an infectious cycle. In agreement with previous reports, confocal immunofluorescence analysis of the subcellular localization(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) exploits serum-dependent mechanisms that inhibit neutralizing antibodies. Here we demonstrate that high density lipoprotein (HDL) is a key serum factor that attenuates neutralization by monoclonal and HCV patient-derived polyclonal antibodies of infectious pseudo-particles (HCVpp) harboring authentic E1E2 glycoproteins and cell(More)
Several cellular molecules have been identified as putative receptors for Hepatitis C virus (HCV): CD81 tetraspanin, scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), mannose-binding lectins DC-SIGN and L-SIGN, low-density lipoprotein receptor, heparan sulphate proteoglycans and the asialoglycoprotein receptor. Due to difficulties in propagating HCV in cell(More)
One way to dissect the antibody response to an invading microorganism is to clone the antibody repertoire from immune donors and subsequently characterize the specific antibodies. Recently, methodological advances have allowed investigations of neutralizing antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) in vitro. We have investigated three human mAbs,(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope glycoproteins are highly glycosylated, with up to 5 and 11 N-linked glycans on E1 and E2, respectively. Most of the glycosylation sites on HCV envelope glycoproteins are conserved, and some of the glycans associated with these proteins have been shown to play an essential role in protein folding and HCV entry. Such a high(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an acute phase protein produced by the liver. SAA concentration increases markedly in the serum following inflammation and infection. Large increases in SAA concentration during the acute phase response suggest that SAA has a beneficial role in host defense. This study sought to determine the effect of SAA on hepatitis C virus (HCV)(More)
Virus entry is a major step in which host-cell lipids can play an essential role. In this report, we investigated the importance of sphingolipids in hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry. For this purpose, sphingomyelin present in the plasma membrane of target cells was hydrolysed into ceramide by sphingomyelinase treatment. Interestingly, ceramide enrichment of(More)