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Several animal models of vestibular deficits that mimic the human pathology phenotype have previously been developed to correlate the degree of vestibular injury to cognate vestibular deficits in a time-dependent manner. Sodium arsanilate is one of the most commonly used substances for chemical vestibular lesioning, but it is not well described in the(More)
In mammals, the permanence of hearing loss is due mostly to the incapacity of the cochlea to replace lost mechano-receptor cells (i.e., hair cells [HCs]). The generation of new HCs from a renewable source of progenitors is a principal requirement for developing a cell therapy within this sensory organ. A subset of stem cells, termed side population (SP),(More)
The early development of the inner ear is largely determined by two members of the neurotrophic family: brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3). Little information is available on the role of these neurotrophins during the late stages of vestibular development in the rat which take place during the first postnatal weeks. At this(More)
The etiology of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) remains obscure in many cases and women are affected more often than men. A recent prospective study, performed in women >50 years of age suffering from recurrent BPPV, showed associated osteopenia or osteoporosis in a large percentage of these patients. These results suggested the possible(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether an altered gravitational environment affected the phenotype of vestibular hair cells during maturation. We developed, using an automated incubator, a 3D culture of utricles from newborn rats. These cultures were subjected to weightlessness for 1 or 3 days, and then compared with control cultures developed in(More)
Trimetazidine (1[2,3,4-trimethoxy-benzyl] piperazine, 2 HCl) is an anti-ischemic agent frequently administered as a prophylactic treatment for episodes of angina pectoris and chorioretinal disturbances. It is also employed as a symptomatic treatment of vertigo but its mechanism of action is yet to be defined. Using Fura-2 fluorescence photometry and(More)
The structural constituents of the frog virus 3 particle were solubilized by treatment with a nonionic detergent followed by the addition of a high salt concentration. This soluble viral extract (SVE) inhibits host nucleic acid synthesis. Its activity on RNA synthesis was studied in KB cells and found to be dependent on the presence of DEAE dextran.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Betahistine, the main histamine drug prescribed to treat vestibular disorders, is a histamine H(3) receptor antagonist. Here, we explored the potential for modulation of the most recently cloned histamine receptor (H(4) receptor) to influence vestibular system function, using a selective H(4) receptor antagonist JNJ 7777120 and the(More)
We have developed a culture system in which a single-mass primary culture can be used for as long as 6 wk as a source of subcultured smooth muscle myocytes for the study of the changes of their shape upon addition of vasoactive agents (angiotensin, vasopressin, norepinephrine, and serotonin) and KCl depolarization. Responses of subcultivated myocytes were(More)
In a previous study, we observed spontaneous restoration of vestibular function in young adult rodents following excitotoxic injury of the neuronal connections within vestibular endorgans. The functional restoration was supported by a repair of synaptic contacts between hair cells and primary vestibular neurons. This process was observed in 2/3 of the(More)