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In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, pulmonary inflammation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and may precede bacterial colonization. The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying intrinsic inflammation in cystic fibrosis airways. Using different cystic fibrosis cell models, we first demonstrated that, beside a(More)
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is often used as a complementary finding in the diagnostic work-up of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Whether soluble ST2, a new biomarker of cardiac stretch, is associated with symptomatic status and outcome in asymptomatic AS is unknown. sST2 and BNP levels were measured in 86 patients (74±13 years; 59 asymptomatic,(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its stable analog, alpha,beta-methylene ATP, activate the platelet P2X(1) ion channel, causing a rapid Ca(++) influx. Here, we show that, in washed apyrase-treated platelets, alpha,beta-methylene ATP elicits reversible extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylation through a Ca(++)- and protein kinase(More)
The human genes coding for growth hormone (hGH) and placental lactogen (choriosomatomammotropic hormone [hCS]) are clustered on chromosome 17 in the following order: 5' hGH-N hCS-L hCS-A hGH-V hCS-B 3'. So far, a single placenta-specific enhancer has been identified in the locus, 2 kb downstream from the hCS-B gene, and shown to comprise one in vitro(More)
TEL is a novel member of the ETS family of transcriptional regulators which is frequently involved in human leukemias as the result of specific chromosomal translocations. We show here by co-immunoprecipitation and GST chromatography analyses that TEL and TEL-derived fusion proteins form homotypic oligomers in vitro and in vivo. Deletion mutagenesis(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet activation requires sweeping morphologic changes, supported by contraction and remodeling of the platelet actin cytoskeleton. In various other cell types, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) controls the phosphorylation state of cytoskeletal targets. OBJECTIVE To determine whether AMPK is activated during platelet aggregation and(More)
The ATP-gated P2X1 ion channel is the only P2X subtype expressed in human platelets. Via transmission electron microscopy, we found that P2X1 mediates fast, reversible platelet shape change, secretory granule centralization, and pseudopodia formation. In washed human platelets, the stable P2X1 agonist alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,beta-meATP) causes(More)
Lyme disease is caused by spirochetes of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. They are transmitted mainly by Ixodes ricinus ticks. After a few hours of infestation, neutrophils massively infiltrate the bite site. They can kill Borrelia via phagocytosis, oxidative burst, and hydrolytic enzymes. However, factors in tick saliva promote propagation of(More)
We have generated transgenic mice overexpressing the human P2X(1) ion channel in the megakaryocytic cell lineage. Platelets from transgenic mice exhibited a gain of P2X(1) ionotropic activity as determined by more prominent P2X(1)-mediated Ca(2+) influx and platelet shape change. P2X(1) overexpression enhanced platelet secretion and aggregation evoked by(More)