Learn More
Two allelic recessive mutations of Arabidopsis, sas2-1 and sas2-2, were identified as inducing sodium overaccumulation in shoots. The sas2 locus was found (by positional cloning) to correspond to the AtHKT1 gene. Expression in Xenopus oocytes revealed that the sas2-1 mutation did not affect the ionic selectivity of the transporter but strongly reduced the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the gene expression patterns of synovial cells from inflamed or normal/reactive areas of synovial membrane obtained from the same patient with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS At the time of total knee replacement, synovial tissues were obtained from 12 patients with knee OA. The inflammation status of the synovial membrane was(More)
The active uptake system for glutamate in Corynebacterium glutamicum is inducible by growth on glutamate as sole energy and carbon source and is also susceptible to catabolite repression by glucose. The basic level of uptake activity is low in glucose-grown cells (1.5 nmol.mg dry mass-1.min-1), it is intermediate when acetate is the carbon source (3.8(More)
Bacteria respond to hypoosmotic stress by releasing low-molecular-mass solutes in order to maintain constant turgor pressure. We have studied the function of osmoregulated channel(s) in Corynebacterium glutamicum, which are responsible for efflux of various solutes upon sudden decrease in osmotic pressure. The channels preferentially mediated efflux of(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) activation of gp130 represents an alternative pathway for osteoclast development in inflammatory conditions. The goal of the present study was to investigate changes in sIL-6R levels in response to the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and to determine(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is recommended as a therapeutic intervention in the multimodal approach of osteoarthritis (OA) management. CS has been studied extensively to describe its pharmacology (pharmacokinetic, in vitro and in vivo effects) and its clinical efficacy. Various results have been reported depending on the system of evaluation (model, dosage and(More)
The inducible glutamate uptake system in Corynebacterium glutamicum (Krämer, R., Lambert, C., Hoischen, C. & Ebbighausen, H., preceding paper in this journal) was characterized with respect to its mechanism and energy coupling. All possible secondary active uptake mechanisms can be excluded. Glutamate transport is not coupled to the translocation of H+, Na+(More)
Synovitis is a key feature in osteoarthritis and is associated with symptom severity. Synovial membrane inflammation is secondary to cartilage degradation which occurs in the early stage and is located adjacent to cartilage damage. This inflammation is characterized by the invasion and activation of macrophages and lymphocytes, the release in the joint(More)
INTRODUCTION This work aimed at comparing the production of inflammatory and pro- and anti-angiogenic factors by normal/reactive (N/R) or inflammatory (I) areas of the osteoarthritic synovial membrane. The effects of interleukin (IL)-1β and chondroitin sulfate (CS) on the expression of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors by synovial fibroblasts cells (SFC)(More)
Corynebacterium glutamicum accumulates the compatible solutes proline, glycine betaine, and ectoine under conditions of high osmolality. Uptake of proline is mediated by both a high-affinity and a low-affinity secondary transport system. The low-affinity uptake system also accepts glycine betaine and ectoine as substrates. In the present study, the gene(More)