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Nations throughout the world are increasingly criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure. This trend, already very familiar to high-income countries such as Canada, the United States of America and some European nations, takes on a special meaning in Africa, where several national HIV/AIDS laws make HIV transmission or exposure a crime.
Two recent surveys reveal that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHIV) continue to suffer discrimination in the workplace from both colleagues and employers. Findings from the surveys, which were commissioned by the Coalition des organismes communautaires Québecois de lutte contre le sida (COCQ-SIDA), were released in November 2009.
The Quebec human rights tribunal held that an employer who disclosed the HIV-positive status of an employee to his staff violated the employee's right to the safeguard of his dignity, without distinction or exclusion based on disability, contrary to Sections 4 and 10 of the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms (the Quebec Charter).
A four-year, $48 million pilot program called "Seek and Treat" was recently launched by the government of British Columbia to improve access to treatment and care among hard-to-reach communities, including sex workers, injecting drug users and aboriginal people. The project will operate in Prince George and in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside.
Thanks to the efforts of community groups CACTUS Montréal and Point de repères, two supervised injection sites could soon be opening in Montréal and Québec City.
Two years after calling for applications, the Government of Canada and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation decided not to proceed with a planned $88 million project to build an HIV vaccine plant, raising questions about what was behind the move.
Violence against homosexuality is growing in Africa, where most of the countries on the continent continue to criminalize same-sex relations, fostering a climate of hate that, in some cases, is abetted by politicians.
A recent study conducted of Aboriginal youth in British Columbia suggests that trauma associated with the residential schools system increases the risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among those who inject drugs. The study also warns of a larger epidemic of HCV in the northern area of the province.
According to a recent report from the United States of America published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists could prove with certainty which person was the source of an HIV infection. However, international experts have disputed the claim.
In Canada, people living with HIV who do not disclose their HIV status prior to sexual acts risk prosecution for aggravated sexual assault even if they have sex with a condom or while having a low (or undetectable) viral load, they had no intent to transmit HIV, and no transmission occurred. In 2013, six distinguished Canadian HIV scientists and clinicians… (More)