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Two allelic recessive mutations of Arabidopsis, sas2-1 and sas2-2, were identified as inducing sodium overaccumulation in shoots. The sas2 locus was found (by positional cloning) to correspond to the AtHKT1 gene. Expression in Xenopus oocytes revealed that the sas2-1 mutation did not affect the ionic selectivity of the transporter but strongly reduced the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the gene expression patterns of synovial cells from inflamed or normal/reactive areas of synovial membrane obtained from the same patient with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS At the time of total knee replacement, synovial tissues were obtained from 12 patients with knee OA. The inflammation status of the synovial membrane was(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is recommended as a therapeutic intervention in the multimodal approach of osteoarthritis (OA) management. CS has been studied extensively to describe its pharmacology (pharmacokinetic, in vitro and in vivo effects) and its clinical efficacy. Various results have been reported depending on the system of evaluation (model, dosage and(More)
INTRODUCTION This work aimed at comparing the production of inflammatory and pro- and anti-angiogenic factors by normal/reactive (N/R) or inflammatory (I) areas of the osteoarthritic synovial membrane. The effects of interleukin (IL)-1β and chondroitin sulfate (CS) on the expression of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors by synovial fibroblasts cells (SFC)(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) activation of gp130 represents an alternative pathway for osteoclast development in inflammatory conditions. The goal of the present study was to investigate changes in sIL-6R levels in response to the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and to determine(More)
Neurotrophins are key players of neural development by controlling cell death programs. However, the signaling pathways that mediate their selective responses in different populations of neurons remain unclear. In the mammalian cochlea, sensory neurons differentiate perinatally into type I and II populations both expressing TrkB and TrkC, which bind(More)
Synovitis is a key feature in osteoarthritis and is associated with symptom severity. Synovial membrane inflammation is secondary to cartilage degradation which occurs in the early stage and is located adjacent to cartilage damage. This inflammation is characterized by the invasion and activation of macrophages and lymphocytes, the release in the joint(More)
UNLABELLED The mechanisms of IL-1beta stimulation of OPG were studied in more detail. Whereas p38 and ERK activation was confirmed to be needed, NF-kappaB was not necessary for this regulation. We also found that OPG production after IL-1beta stimulation was not sufficient to block TRAIL-induced apoptosis in MG-63 cells. INTRODUCTION Osteoprotegerin (OPG)(More)
OBJECTIVES After detailing the different aspects of synovial inflammation (i.e., cellular, biochemical, and vascular) and based on the current knowledge, the aim of this review was to collect the available in vitro and in vivo data regarding the potency of some glycosaminoglycan (GAG) compounds to target synovial inflammation, an important aspect of(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana is a glycophyte capable to tolerate mild salinity. Although salt sensitivity of this species, a variability of this characteristic was revealed between different ecotypes. This study presents the physiological and molecular characteristics of salt response of two ecotypes, NOK2 and Columbia (Col). Seedlings were cultivated in(More)